Dr HU, Zhiyong    胡智勇 博士
Acting Head
Department of Social Sciences and Policy Studies
(852) 2948 7475
10 Lo Ping Road, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong Kong
Scopus ID
Research Interests
  • Urban and Regional Development
  • China’s Market Transition
  • Regional Political Economy
  • Urban Land Redevelopment
  • Urban inequality in knowledge-based economy
  • Housing and entrepreneurship
Personal Profile

Dr. Hu Zhiyong, Fox is Associate Professor at Department of Social Sciences and Policy Studies, the Education University of Hong Kong. Prior to his current appointment, he was Post-doctoral Fellow at Department of Geography, The University of Hong Kong (2009-2012) and Assistant Professor at the Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences (2002-2006). His research and teaching interests focus on the spatial restructuring of China’s SOEs, the political economy of China’s ownership reform and industrial transformation, urban and regional development, urban land redevelopment and the social consequences of urban economic growth and housing development.

He has published widely in the areas of economic geography and urban and regional development. His articles appear in leading international journals such as Regional StudiesUrban StudiesEnvironment and Planning AEnvironment and Planning C, GeoforumApplied Geography;  Landscape and Urban Planning, Cities, Habitat International, Public Administration and Development as well as Chinese journals and book chapters.

Dr. Hu has received Outstanding Ph.D. Dissertation Award from the University of Hong Kong (2007), Student paper competition award from China Geography Specialty Group of the Association of American Geographers (2004) and Small Grant Research Award from Urban China Research Network (2004). He is the recipient of various grants from Hong Kong Research Grant Council, National Science Foundation of China, Peking University-Lincoln Institute Center for Urban Development and Land Policy.

Research Interests

  • Urban and Regional Development
  • China’s Market Transition
  • Regional Political Economy
  • Urban Land Redevelopment
  • Urban inequality in knowledge-based economy
  • Housing and entrepreneurship
Research Outputs

Scholarly Books, Monographs and Chapters
Chapter in an edited book (author)
Lin, C.G., Li, X., Yeh, G.O.A, He, S., Hu, Z., & Liu, X. (2018). Land Readjustment in Urbanizing China: Decentralization, Profit Concession, and Redevelopment of Village Land in Chinese Cities. In Y.H. Hong, & J. Tierney (Eds.), Global Experiences in Land Readjustment: Urban Legal Case Studies: Volume 7 (13-24). New York, USA: United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat).
Hu, F.Z.Y. (2015). State-owned enterprises. In D. Richardson, N. Castree, M.F. Goodchild, A.L. Kobayashi, W. Liu & R. Marston (Eds.), The Wiley-AAG International Encyclopedia of Geography: People, the Earth, Environment, and Technology (xx-xx). New York: Wiley.

Journal Publications
Publication in refereed journal
Hu, Z., & Qian, J. (2022). The impact of housing price on entrepreneurship in Chinese cities: Does the start-up motivation matter?. Cities, 131, 104045.. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2022.104045
Li, X., Chen, Y.W., Hu, Z.Y., & Cho, H.T. (2021). Homebuyers’ Heterogeneous Preferences for Urban Green–blue Spaces: A Spatial Multilevel Autoregressive Analysis. Landscape and Urban Planning, 216, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2021.104250
Wang, Y., & Hu, Z.Y. (2021). Housing Market Booms in Chinese Cities: Boon or Bane for Urban Entrepreneurship?. Journal of Asian Public Policy, Online Publication, 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1080/17516234.2021.1976984
Wen, L., Chatalova, L., Butsic, V., Hu, F.Z., & Zhang, A. (2020). Capitalization of Land Development Rights in Rural China: A Choice Experiment on Individuals’ Preferences in Peri-urban Shanghai. Land Use Policy, 97, 104803.
Hu, F.Z.Y. (2020). Global City Development and Urban Wage Inequality in China (doi: 10.1080/10225706.2020.1750440). Asian Geographer, Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10225706.2020.1750440, Online publication, Online.
Hu, F.Z.Y., Lin, G.C.S., Yeh, A.G.O., He, S., & Liu, X. (2020). Reluctant Policy Innovation Through Profit Concession and Informality Tolerance: A Strategic Relational View of Policy Entrepreneurship in China's Urban Redevelopment. Public Administration and Development, 40(1), 65-75.
Lin, G.C.S., Smart, A., Li, X., & Hu, F.Z.Y. (2019). Financializing Chinese Cities: State–capital Nexus and the Uneven Geography of Housing Speculation. Area Development & Policy, 4(4), 436-454.
Chen, W. Y., Hu, Z., Li, X., & Hua, J. (2017). Strategic Interaction in Municipal Governments’ Provision of Public Green Spaces: A Dynamic Spatial Panel Data Analysis in Transitional China. Cities, 71, 1-10.
Hu, F.Z.Y. and Qian, J.W. (2017). Land-based finance, fiscal autonomy and land supply for affordable housing in urban China: A prefecture-level analysis. Land Use Policy, 69, 454-460.
Hu, F.Z.Y. and Chou, K.L. (2016). Public housing and educational attainment in Asia's global city: An empirical study of Hong Kong. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, forthcoming, 1-28.
Hu, F.Z.Y. and Chou, K.L. (2016). Understanding the transition to independent living among urban youth: A decomposition analysis for Hong Kong. Habitat International, 51, 141-148.
Hu, F.Z.Y. (2015). Industrial capitalisation and spatial transformation in Chinese cities: Strategic repositioning, state-owned enterprise capitalisation, and the reproduction of urban space in Beijing (DOI:10.1177/004209801559098). Urban Studies, Retrieved from http://usj.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/06/16/0042098015590989.abstract?rss=1, online publication, 1-23.
Hu, F.Z.Y. and Chou, K.L. (2015). The antipoverty effect of public rental housing in Hong Kong. Habitat International, 46, 206-213.
Chen, W.Y. and Hu, F.Z.Y. (2015). Producing nature for public: Land-based urbanization and provision of public green spaces in China. Applied Geography, 58, 32-40.
Lin, G. C. S., Li, X., Yang, F. F., & Hu, F. Z. Y. (2014). Strategizing urbanism in the era of neoliberlization: State power reshuffling, land development and municipal finance in urbanizing China (doi: 10.1177/0042098013513644). Urban Studies, Retrieved from http://usj.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/01/03/0042098013513644.abstract, online publication, online.
Lin, G.C.S, & Yang, F.F., & Hu, F.Z.Y. (2012). The new geography of information and consulting services in China: Comparing Beijing and Guangzhou. Habitat International, 36(4), 481-492.
Hu, F. Z. Y., &Lin, G.C.S. (2011). Situating Regional Advantage in Geographical Political Economy: Transformation of the State-owned Enterprises in Guangzhou, China. Geoforum, 42(6), 696-707.
Lin, G.C.S., & Hu, F.Z.Y. (2011). China’s Economic Transformation: Insights from the First and Second Economic Census. Eurasian Geography and Economics, 52(5), 712-746.
Hu, F. Z. Y., & Lin, G.C.S. (2011). Placing the transformation of state-owned enterprises in Northeast China: The state, region, and firm in a transitional economy. Regional Studies, ifirst, 1-17.
Hu, F. Z. Y, & Lin, G.C.S. (2010). Same bed, different dreams: A comparative analysis of the growth and performance of SOEs in Northeast and South China. Issues & Studies, 46(2), 33-86.
Hu, F. Z. Y., & Lin, G. C. S., (2009). Understanding the changing geography of China’s state-owned enterprises: A statistical examination. Asian Geographer, 26(1-2), 23-48.
胡智勇、林初昇 (2008). 中国国有企业生产效率的区域差异(Research on the regional variation of China's state-owned enterpries). 地理学报(Acta Geographica Sinica), 63(10), 1073-1084.
Hu, F. Z. Y. (2005). Deconstructing state-owned enterprises in socialist China under reform: A scalar examination. Environment and Planning A, 37(4), 703-722.
周一星、胡智勇 (2002). 从航空运输看中国城市体系的空间结构. 地理研究, 21(3), 276-286.
柴彦威、胡智勇、仵宗卿 (2000). 天津城市内部人口迁居特征及机制分析. 地理研究, 19(4), 391-399.

Conference Papers
Invited conference paper
Hu, F.Z.Y. (2018, October). When land meets labor: Land-centered urban politics and the spatial redistribution of migrants in urban China. Bilateral Workshop on Governance and Public Policy, Wuhan, China.
Hu, Z. (2017, June). Determinants of China’s Land Supply for Affordable Housing: A City-level Analysis. Paper presented at the 3rd International Conference on Public Policy, Singapore.
Refereed conference paper
Hu, F.Z.Y. (2019, June). Industrial policy, housing market and the geography of entrepreneurship in urban China. The 4th International Conference on Public Policy, Montreal, Canada.
Hu, F.Z.Y. (2019, April). Reluctant policy innovation by interest concession: Policy entrepreneurship in China’s urban redevelopment. The 49th Annual Meeting of Urban Affairs Association, Los Angeles, USA.
Hu, F.Z.Y. (2018, October). Remapping the boundary of rule: Policy entrepreneurship and the negotiation of shared interests in China’s urban redevelopment. The Fifth International Conference on Social Policy and Governance Innovation, Guangzhou, China.
Hu, F.Z.Y. (2016, June). Towards an inclusive urban economy in China: Creativity and inequality in 35 major cities. The 5th International Workshop on regional, urban, and spatial economics in China, Chengdu, China.
Other conference paper
Hu, Z. (2017, April). A Revanchist City in the Making? Economic Repositioning, Strategic Selectivity and the Changing Politics of Migrants in Beijing, China. Paper presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Association of Geographers, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Hu, F.Z.Y. (2015, September). Towards a revanchist city? Economic repositioning and the politics of migrants in Beijing. Managing Rapid Social and Economic Changes: International Perspectives and Urban Governance, Guangzhou.
Hu, F.Z.Y. (2014, December). Land-centered urban politics and the spatial distribution of migrant population in Chinese metropolises: A Case study of Beijing. Symposium on Managing Urbaniztion in Asia: Challenges and Implications for Economic and Social Development, Hong Kong.
Hu, F.Z.Y. (2014, April). Capitalization without privatization: City repositioning, strategic selectivity and the reproduction of urban space in Beijing. Paper presented at 4th symposium on comparative policy studies in the Greater China Region, Hong Kong.


Neighborhood Type, Homeownership and Neighboring in Chinese Cities
This proposal aims to examine how neighborhood types, housing characteristics and individual socio-economic status may affect the extent and pattern of neighborhood interaction in urban China, drawing upon the China labor-force dynamics survey (CLDS) data. The results from this proposed research are expected to have important implications for policy-making in China concerning community construction and social inclusion of disadvantaged groups
Project Start Year: 2022, Principal Investigator(s): HU, Zhiyong
Entrepreneurial intention in globalizing Chinese cities
This proposed study aims to establish linkage between two research areas, namely mapping global urban network and the geography of entrepreneurship, which until recently have been developing in isolation of each other. It aims to fill in such knowledge gap by quantitatively analyzing the impact of global connectivity on urban individuals’ choice of entry into entrepreneurship in major Chinese cities
Project Start Year: 2020, Principal Investigator(s): HU, Zhiyong 胡智勇
Assessing the Impact of Environmental Policy on Housing Market in Chinese Cities: A Case of River Restoration Policy in Guangzhou
The project aims to identify the environmental externalities (amenities and disamenities) of urban rivers in Guangzhou and to assess and compare the impacts of river restoration policies and projects on the housing market across different socio-economic scenarios.
Project Start Year: 2019, Principal Investigator(s): HU, Zhiyong 胡智勇
Access to Housing and Entrepreneurship in Urban China: A Study of Beijing, Hangzhou and Chongqing Metropolises
This proposed research will work at the interface of two main lines of scholarly inquiry and investigate the relationship between forms of access to housing and transition into entrepreneurship through a comparative study of three China’s globalizing cities
Project Start Year: 2018, Principal Investigator(s): HU, Zhiyong 胡智勇
Land-based Urban Politics and the Changing Distribution of Migrants in China’s Globalizing Cities: Case Study of Beijing and Guangzhou
This proposed project aims to investigate the relationship between land-based urban politics and the change in the intra-urban location of migrants through a comparative study of two China’s globalizing cities.
Project Start Year: 2017, Principal Investigator(s): HU, Zhiyong 胡智勇
Advancing China’s Urbanization Inside Out: Urban Redevelopments in Chinese Cities Amidst Accelerated Urban Transition
The proposed project is intended to identify the pattern and process of urban redevelopment, analyze its social, political, and institutional underpinnings, and evaluate its effects upon land use efficiency, social equity, and spatial inequality
Project Start Year: 2017, Principal Investigator(s): LIN, George Chusheng, HE, Shenjing, HU, Zhiyong 胡智勇, LIU Xingjian, YEH, Anthony Gar On
Industrial Capitalisation and Spatial Transformation in Chinese Cities: Strategic Repositioning, State-owned Enterprise Capitalisation, and the Reproduction of Urban Space in Beijing
Project Start Year: 2016, Principal Investigator(s): HU, Zhiyong 胡智勇
The Uneven Growth of a Knowledge-based Economy and Income Equality in Chinese Cities
This project will investigate the pattern and process of inter-city differences in income inequality in urban China since the early 2000s when the knowledge-based sectors experienced dramatic expansion in Chinese economy
Project Start Year: 2016, Principal Investigator(s): HU, Zhiyong 胡智勇
Ownership Restructuring and Urban Economic Performance in Post-reform China: A Comparative Study of Beijing and Guangzhou Metropolises
This proposed research intends to identify the pattern and process of ownership restructuring in different geographical and institutional environment since the mid-1990s, and investigate the historical and regional conditions that have shaped the interrelationship between various ownership forms and urban economic performance through a focused analysis of Beijing and Guangzhou municipalities, two rapidly growing city-regions characterized by different market and institutional environment but experiencing comparable scale and speed of economic transformation.
Project Start Year: 2013, Principal Investigator(s): HU, Zhiyong 胡智勇
Prizes and awards

Outstanding PhD RPG Thesis Award

Date of receipt: /8/2007, Conferred by: The University of Hong Kong
Small-Grant Student Research Award

Date of receipt: /1/2004, Conferred by: Urban China Research Network
Student Paper Competition Award

Date of receipt: /1/2004, Conferred by: China Specialty Group, the Association of American Geographers