Prof CHOU, Kee Lee   周基利
Chair Professor
Department of Asian and Policy Studies
Phone No: (852) 2948 7473
Email: klchou@eduhk.hk
Contact
ORCiD
0000-0003-3627-9915
Phone
(852) 2948 7473
Email
klchou@eduhk.hk
Address
10 Lo Ping Road, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong Kong
Scopus ID
7201905320
ResearcherID
B-5434-2015
Selected Output

Scholarly Books, Monographs and Chapters

Journal Publications
Publication in refereed journal
Wu, A.M., & Chou, K.L. (2021). Intergenerational Conflict or Solidarity in Hong Kong? A Survey of Public Attitudes Toward Social Spending (doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-021-02607-9). Social Indicators Research, retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-021-02607-9, Online publication, online
Zhu, A.Y.F., Chan, A.L.S., & Chou, K.L. (2021). Psychological Transformation of Youth after Engaging in Non-radical and Radical Political Activities (doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-020-01239-5). Current Psychology, retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12144-020-01239-5, Online publication, online
Kühner, S., & Chou, K.L. (2020). The Politics of MPF Reform: Lessons from Public Attitudes in Hong Kong. Social Policy and Society, 19(3), 414-430
Zhu, A. Y. F., Chan, A. L. S., & Chou, K. L. (2019). Creative social media use and political participation in young people: The moderation and mediation role of online political expression. Journal of Adolescence, 77, 108-117
Lui, L.C.W., & Chou, K.L. (2019). Stay-at-home fathers in Hong Kong: Trends and characteristics. Asian Population Studies, 15(3), 282-301
Zhu, A. Y. F., & Chou, K. L. (2018). Retirement goal clarity, needs estimation, and saving amount: Evidence from Hong Kong, China. Journal of Financial Counseling and Planning, 29(2), 328-342
Zhu, A.Y.F., & Chou, K.L. (2018). Development of Financial Capacity in Adolescents. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 35(3), 309-315
Kuhner, S., & Chou K.L. (2018). Poverty Alleviation, Coverage and Fiscal Sustainability: Investigating the Effect of a New Social Pension in Hong Kong (doi: 10.1111/ijsw.12321). International Journal of Social Welfare, Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ijsw.12321, online, 1-11
Lau, M.K.W., & Chou, K.L. (2018). Targeting, Universalism and Child Poverty in Hong Kong (doi: ttps://doi.org/10.1007/s12187-018-9540-9). Child Indicators Research, Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12187-018-9540-9, online, 1-21
Zhu, A.Y.F., & Chou, K.L. (2018). Hong Kong’s Transition Toward a Knowledge Economy: Analyzing Effect of Overeducation on Wages Between 1991 and 2011 (doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-018-0535-z). Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13132-018-0535-z, online, 1-11
Zhu, A.Y.F., & Chou, K.L. (2018). Financial Literacy Among Hong Kong’s Chinese Adolescents: Testing the Validity of a Scale and Evaluating Two Conceptual Models (doi: https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0044118X17753813). Youth and Society, Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0044118X17753813, online, 1-26
Cheung, C.K.K. & Chou, K.L. (2017). Measuring Child Poverty in Hong Kong: Sensitivity to the Choice of Equivalence Scale (doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-017-1768-0) . Social Indicators Research, Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11205-017-1768-0, online, 1-13
Cheung, C.K.K., & Chou, K.L. (2017). Poverty, Deprivation, and Depressive Symptoms among Older Adults in Hong Kong (doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2017.1394438). Aging and Mental Health, Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13607863.2017.1394438, online, 1-8
Cheung, C.K.K., & Chou, K.L. (2017). Poverty, Deprivation, and Life Satisfaction among Hong Kong Older Persons (doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X17001143). Ageing and Society, Retrieved from https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/ageing-and-society/article/poverty-deprivation-and-life-satisfaction-among-hong-kong-older-persons/54A538326763F248D98CC9CBCB979826 , online, 1-19
Chou, K.L. (2017). Social exclusion in old age: a validation study in Hong Kong. Aging and Mental Health, online publication, 1-8
Chou, K.L., & Cheung C.K. (2017). Child Poverty Among Hong Kong Ethnic Minorities. Social Indicators Research, online publication, 1-20
Yu, K.M., Chou, K.L., Wu, A.M., & Chan, W.S. (2015). Gender differences in financial literacy among Hong Kong workers. Educational Gerontology, 41(4), 315-326
Chou, K.L., Yu, K.M., Chan, W.S., Chan, C.A.M., Lum, T.Y.S., & Zhu, A.Y.F. (2014). Social and psychological barriers to private retirement savings in Hong Kong. Journal of Aging and Social Policy, 26(4), 308-323
Mackenzie, C.S, El-Gabalawy, R., Chou, K.L., & Sareen, J. (2014). Prevalence and predictors of persistent versus remitting mood, anxiety, and substance disorders in a national sample of older adults. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 22(9), 854-865
Chou, K.L., Cheung, K.C.K., Lau, M.K.W. & Sin, T.C.H. (2014). Trend in child poverty in Hong Kong immigrant families.. Social Indicators Research, 117, 811-825
Chou, K.L., Cacioppo, J.T., Kumari, M., & Song, Y.Q. (2014). Influence of social environment on loneliness in older adults: Moderation by Polymorphism in CRHR1. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 22(5), 510-518
Ng, I.F.S., Cheung, K.C.H., & Chou, K.L. (2013). Correlates of eating disorder in middle-aged and older adults: Evidence from 2007 British National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey.. Journal of Aging and Health,, 25(7), 1106-1120
Cerin, E., Macfarlane, D., Sit, H.P., Ho, S.Y., Johnston, J.M., Chou, K.L., Chan, W.M., Cheung, M.C., & Ho, K.S. (2013). Effects of built environment on walking among Hong Kong older adults.. Hong Kong Medical Journal, 19(Suppl 4), 39-41
Chou, K.L., & Yu, K.M. (2013). Atypical Depressive Symptoms and Obesity in Older Adults with Major Depressive Disorder: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Depression and Anxiety, 30(6), 574-579
Chou, K.L., & Cheung, K.C.K. (2013). Major Depressive Disorder in Vulnerable Groups of Older Adults, Their Course and Treatment and Psychiatric Comorbidit. Depression and Anxiety, 30(6), 528-537
Chou, K.L. (2013). Chronic fatigue and affective disorders in older adults: Evidence from the 2007 British National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. Journal of Affective Disorders, 145, 331-335
Chou, K.L. (2013). Familial effect of child poverty in Hong Kong Immigrant Families. . Social Indicators Research, 113, 183-195
Mackenzie, C.S, El-Gabalawy, R., Chou, K.L., & Sareen, J. (2013). Prevalence and predictors of persistent versus remitting mood, anxiety, and substance disorders in a national sample of older adults. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, In Press, *
Chou, K.L. (2012). The changing relationship of obesity and disability in older adults: 1997 and 2006 China Health and Nutrition Surveys. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 60(12), 2364-2365
Thomas, G.N., Macfarlane, D.J., Guo, B., Cheung, B.M., McGhee, S.M., Chou, K.L., Deeks, J.J., Lam, T.H., & Tomlinson, B. (2012). Health promotion in older Chinese: A 12-month cluster randomized controlled trial of pedometry and “peer support”. , 44, 1157-66. . Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(6), 1157-1166
Wong, W.K.F., Chou, K.L., & Chow, N.W.S. (2012). Correlates of quality of life in new migrants to Hong Kong from Mainland China. Social Indicators Research, 107(2), 373-391
Chou, K.L. (2012). Perceived discrimination and depression among new migrants to Hong Kong: The moderating role of social support and neighborhood collective efficacy. Journal of Affective Disorders, 138(1-2), 63-70
Chou, K.L. (2012). Childhood Sexual Abuse and Psychiatric Disorders in Middle-aged and Older Adults: Evidence from 2007 British National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 73, e1365-e1371
Chou, K.L., Winky K.F. Wong, & Chow, N.W.S. (2011). Interaction between Pre- and Post-migration Factors on Depressive Symptoms in New Migrants to Hong Kong from Mainland China. Community Mental Health Journal, 47(5), 560-567
Mackenzie, C., Reynolds, K., Chou, K.L., Pagura, J., & Sareen, J. (2011). Prevalence and correlates of generalized anxiety disorder in a national sample of older adults. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 19, 305-315
Chou, K.L., Liang, K., & Sareen, J. (2011). Social Isolation and DSM-IV Axis I Psychiatric Disorders in the United States: Results from Wave 2 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 72, 1468-1486
Chou, K.L., & Afifi, T.O. (2011). Disordered (Problem or Pathological) Gambling and Axis I Psychiatric Disorders: Results from National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. American Journal of Epidemiology,, 173(11), 1289-1297
Chou, K.L., Liang, K., & Mackenzie, C. (2011). Binge drinking and Axis I psychiatric disorders in middle-aged and older adults: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 72, 641-647
Chou, K.L., Mackenzie, C. Liang, K., & Sareen, J. (2011). Three-year incidence and predictors of first-onset of DSM-IV mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders in older adults: Results from the Wave 2 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 72, 144-155
Chou, K.L. (2010). Number of children and upstream intergenerational financial transfers: Evidence from Hong Kong. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 65B(2), 227-235
Chou, K.L. (2010). Panic disorder in older adults: Evidences from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions . International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 25, 822-832
Chou, K.L. (2010). Moderating effect of Apolipoprotein genotype on loneliness leading to depressive symptoms in Chinese older adults. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry,, 18(4), 313-322
Chou, K.L. (2009). Age at onset of generalized anxiety disorders in older adults. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry,, 17, 455-464
Chou, K.L. (2009). Pre-migration planning and depression in Hong Kong new immigrants: The moderating role of social support.. Journal of Affective Disorders, 114(1-3), 85-93
Chou, K.L. (2009). Social Anxiety Disorder in older adults: Evidences from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Journal of Affective Disorders, 119, 76-83
Chou, K.L. (2009). Specific phobia in older adults: Evidences from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17, 376-386
Chou, K.L., & Macfarlane, D.J. (2009). Relationship between Performance-based and Self-Reported Measures of Lower Extremity Function in Chinese Older Women.. Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation, 25(3), 181-190
Chou, K.L., & Chow, N.W.S. (2009). The roles of human capital and social capital in the economic integration of new arrivals from mainland China to Hong Kong. . Habitat International, 33(4), 463-471
Chou, K.L. (2008). Combined Effect of Vision and Hearing Impairment on Depression in Older Adults: Evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Journal of Affective Disorders, 106, 191-196
Chou, K.L. (2008). Parental Repayment Hypothesis in Intergenerational financial transfers from adult children to elderly parents: Evidences from Hong Kong. Educational Gerontology, 34(9), 788-799
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2008). Reciprocal relationship between fear of falling and depression in Hong Kong Chinese older primary care patients.. Aging and Mental Health, 12, 587-594
Chou, K.L., Macfarlane, D.J., Chi, I., & Cheng, Y.H. (2008). Barriers to Exercise Scale for Chinese older adults. Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation, 24(4), 295-304
Chou, K.L. (2008). The prevalence and clustering of four major lifestyle risk factors in a representative sample of Hong Kong Chinese older adults. Journal of Aging and Health, 20(7), 788-803
Chou, K.L., & Leung, J.C.B. (2008). Disability Trends in Hong Kong Community-Dwelling Chinese Older Adults: 1996, 2000, and 2004.. Journal of Aging and Health , 20(4), 385-404
Chou, K.L., Chi, I., & Leung, J.C.B. (2008). (2008). Applying Resource Utilization Groups (RUG III) in Hong Kong nursing homes. , 27, 233-239. . Canadian Journal of Aging, 27(3), 233-239
Chou, K.L. (2007). Cross-border retirement migration plan in Hong Kong middle-aged adults. . Habitat International, 31, 366-374
Chou, K.L. (2007). Psychological Distress in Migrants in Australia over 50 Years Old: A Longitudinal Investigation. Journal of Affective Disorders, 98, 99-108
Chou, K.L. (2007). Reciprocal Relationship between Pain and Depression in Older Adults: Evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. . Journal of Affective Disorders, 102, 115-123
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2007). Temporal relationship between fall and fear of falling in Hong Kong Chinese older primary care patients. Ageing and Society, 27, 181-193
Chou, K.L., Lee, T.M.C., & Ho, A.H.Y. (2007). Does mood state change risk-taking decision in older adults? . Psychology & Aging, 22, 310-318
Chi, I., Chou, K.L., Kwan, C.W., Lam, E.K.F., & Lam, T.P. (2006). Use of the Minimum Data Set – Home Care A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial among the Chinese Older Adults. Aging and Mental Health: An International Journal, 10, 33-39
Chou, K.L. (2006). Reciprocal Relationship between Suicidal Ideation and Depression in Hong Kong Elderly Chinese. . International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21, 594-596
Chou, K.L., Chi, I., & Chong, A.M.L. (2006). The utilization of aged care services by the frail elderly and their family caregivers. Hong Kong Medical Journal, 12(1), 7-9
Chou, K.L., Chow, N.W.S., & Chi, I. (2006). Economic status of the elderly persons in Hong Kong: Homogeneous or heterogeneous ?. International Social Work, 49(2), 218-232
Chou, K.L., Chow, N.W.S., & Chi, I. (2006). Willingness to consider applying for reverse mortgage in Hong Kong Chinese middle-aged adults. Habitat International, 30, 716-727
Chou, K.L., Ho, A.H.Y., & Chi, I. (2006). Living alone and depression in Chinese older adults. . Aging and Mental Health: An international Journal, 10(6), 583-591
Lee, T.M.C., Chi, I., Chung, L.W.M., & Chou, K.L. (2006). Psychological response during the Post SARS-period: Implication to Public Mental Health Aftercare after contagion. Aging and Mental Health: An International Journal, 10, 303-311
Leung, A., Chi, I., Chow, N., Chan, K.S., & Chou, K.L. (2006). Construction and validation of a Chinese Value of Learning Scale (CVLS. Educational Gerontology, 32(10), 907-920
Yeung, F., K.C., Chou, K.L., & Wong, E.C.H. (2006). Characteristics associated with fear of falling in Hong Kong Chinese elderly residing in nursing homes. Clinical Gerontologist, 29(3), 83-98
Macfarlane, D., Chou, K.L., Cheng, Y.H., & Chi, I. (2006). Validity and normative data for the 30-second chair stand test in elderly community-dwelling Hong Kong Chinese. American Journal of Human Biology, 18, 418-421. American Journal of Human Biology, 18(3), 418-421
Chou, K.L., Macfarlane, D., Chi, I., & Cheng, Y.H. (2006). Physical exercise in Chinese older adults: A transtheoretical model. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, 11(2), 114-131
Chi, I., Yip, P.S.F., Chiu, H.F.K., Chou, K.L., Chan, K.S., Kwan, C.W., Conwell, Y., & Caine, E. (2005). Prevalence of depression and its correlates in Hong Kong Chinese older adults. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 13(5), 409-417
Chou, K.L. (2005). Assessing shyness in Chinese older adults. Aging and Mental Health: An International Journal , 9, 456-460
Chou, K.L. (2005). Everyday competence and depressive symptoms: Social support and sense of control as mediators or moderators. Aging and Mental Health: An International Journal, 9, 177-183
Chou, K.L. & Chi, I. (2005). Functional disability related to Diabetes Mellitus in Hong Kong Chinese older adults.. Gerontology, 51(5), 314-319
Chou, K.L. & Chow, N.W.S. (2005). Income inequality among older adults in Hong Kong: An analysis of change from 1981 to 2001. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 24(5), 388-403
Chou, K.L. & Chow, Nelson W.S. (2005). Universalism or selectivism: Old age allowance as a case in Hong Kong. Hallym International Journal of Aging, 7, 131-141
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2005). Correlates of five intellectual abilities in Chinese Older Adults. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 24, 68-83
Chou, K.L., & Chow, N. (2005). To retire or not to retire: Is there an option for elderly persons in Hong Kong ?. Social Policy and Administration, 39(3), 233-246
Chou, K.L., Chow, N.W.S., & Chi, I. (2005). Voucher system for long term care in Hong Kong. . Journal of Aging and Social Policy, 17(2), 85-106
Chou, K.L., Jun, L.W., & Chi, I. (2005). Assessing Chinese older adults’ suicidal ideation: Chinese version of Geriatric Suicide Ideation Scale. . Aging and Mental Health: An International Journal, 9(2), 167-171
Chou, K.L., Yeung, F.K.C., & Wong, E.C.H. (2005). Fear of fall and depressive symptoms in Chinese elderly living in nursing homes: Fall efficacy and activity level as mediator or moderator ?. Aging and Mental Health: An International Journal, 9(3), 255-261
Chow, N. & Chou, K.L. (2005). Sustainable Pensions and Retirement Schemes in Hong Kong. Pension, 10, 137-143
Macfarlane, D., Chou, K.L., & Cheng, W.K. (2005). The effect of Tai Chi on health among Chinese older women. Journal of Exercise Sport and Fitness, 3, 87-94
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2005). Reciprocal relationship between pain and depression in Elderly Chinese Primary Care Patients. . International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20(10), 945-952
Chou, K.L., Ho, A.H.Y., & Chi, I. (2005). The effect of depression on use of emergency department services in Hong Kong Chinese older adults with diabetes. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20(9), 900-902
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2005). Prevalence of Depression in Elderly Chinese with Diabetes.. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20(6), 570-575
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2005). Prevalence and correlates of depression in Hong Kong Chinese Oldest Old. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20(1), 41-50
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2004). Childlessness and psychological well-being in Chinese older adults. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 19(5), 449-457
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2004). Combined effect of vision and hearing impairment on depression in Elderly Chinese. . International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 19(9), 825-832
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2004). Factors associated with the use of publicly funded services by Hong Kong Chinese older adults. Social Science and Medicine, 58, 1025-1035
Chou, K.L., Chi, I., & Chow, N.W.S. (2004). Sources of income and depression in Hong Kong elderly Chinese: Mediating effect and moderating effect of social support and financial strain.. Aging and Mental Health: An International Journal, 8(3), 212-221
Chou, K.L., Chow, N.W.S., & Chi, I. (2004). Leisure participation and its correlates in Hong Kong Chinese Older Adults. Ageing and Society, 24(4), 617-629
Chou, K.L., Chow, N.W.S., & Chi, I. (2004). Preventing economic hardship among Hong Kong Chinese elderly. Journal of Aging and Social Policy, 16(4), 79-97
Chou, K.L., Lee, P.W.H., Yu, E.C.S., Macfarlane, D., Cheng, Y.H., Chan, S.S.C., & Chi, I. (2004). Effect of Tai Chi on depressive symptoms amongst Chinese older patients with depression: A Randomized Clinical Trials. . International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 19(11), 1105-1107
Chou, K.L. (2003). Correlates of everyday competence in Chinese older adults. Aging and Mental Health: An International Journal, 7(4), 308-315
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2003). Reciprocal relationship between social support and depressive symptoms among Chinese elderly. Aging and Mental Health: An International Journal, 7(3), 224-231
Chou, K.L., Chi, I., & Chow, N.W.S. (2003). Future Elderly Welfare Recipients in Hong Kong. Hallym International Journal of Aging, 5(2), 183-199
Chou, K.L., Chi, I., & Leung, A. (2003). Interest in formal learning among soon-to-be-aged adults in Hong Kong.. Educational Gerontology, 29(9), 723-738
Chou, K.L., Chow, N.W.S., & Chi, I. (2003). Volunteering aspiration of Hong Kong Chinese soon-to-be old adults. Activities, Adaptation, and Aging, 27(3-4), 79-96
Chou, K.L. (2003). Emotional autonomy and problem behavior among Chinese adolescents. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 164(4), 473-480
Cheng, Y.H., Chi, I., Boey, K.W., Ko, L.S.F., & Chou, K.L. (2002). Self-rated economic condition and the health of elderly persons in Hong Kong. Social Science & Medicine, 55(8), 1415-1424
Chou, K.L. (2002). Hong Kong everyday competence scale. Clinical Gerontologist, 26(1-2), 43-51
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2002). Chronic illness and depressive symptoms among Chinese older adults: A longitudinal study. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 54, 159-171
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2002). Financial strain and life satisfaction in Hong Kong elderly Chinese: moderating effect of life management strategies including selection, optimization, and compensation. Aging and Mental Health: An International Journal, 6(2), 172-177
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2002). Successful aging among the young-old, old-old, and oldest old Chinese. . International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 54, 1-14
Chi, I., & Chou, K.L. (2001). Social support and depression among Hong Kong Chinese older adults. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 52, 231-251
Chou, K.L. (2001). Direct Assessment of Functional Abilities (DAFA): A validation study with Hong Kong Chinese elders. Clinical Gerontologist, 23(1-2), 55-64
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2001). Financial strain and depressive symptoms in Hong Kong elderly Chinese: The moderating or mediating effect of sense of control. Aging and Mental Health: An International Journal, 5(1), 23-30
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2001). Selection, Optimization, and Compensation Questionnaire: A validation study with Chinese older adults. Clinical Gerontologist, 24(1-2), 141-151
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2001). Social comparison in Chinese older adults. Aging and Mental Health: An International Journal, 5(3), 242-252
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2001). Social support exchange among elderly Chinese people and their family members in Hong Kong: A longitudinal study. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 53, 339-356
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2001). Stressful life events and depressive symptoms: Social support and sense of control as mediators or moderators ? . International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 52, 155-171
Chou, K.L., Chi, I., Leung, A.C.T., Wu, Y.M., & Liu, B.C.P. (2001). Validation of minimum data set for nursing home for Hong Kong Chinese elders. Clinical Gerontologist, 23(1-2), 43-54
Chou, K.L., Yeung, S., & Chi, I. (2001). Does physical distance make a difference in caregiving. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 35(1), 21-38
Yeung, S., & Chou, K.L. (2001). Filial support legislation in Hong Kong: A sensible and practical policy ? . Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work, 11(1), 131-140
Chi, I. & Chou, K.L. (2000). Depression predicts cognitive decline in Hong Kong Chinese older adults. Aging and Mental Health: An International Journal, 4(2), 148-157
Chou, K.L. (2000). Assessing Chinese adolescents’ social support: The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Personality and Individual Differences, 28(2), 299-307
Chou, K.L. (2000). The utilization of health care services and social services by neurotic patients and their service need. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 46(4), 237-240
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2000). Assessing Chinese adults’ intellectual abilities: Validation of Chinese Primary Mental Abilities Scale. Clinical Gerontologist, 21(3), 65-72
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2000). Comparison between elderly Chinese living alone and those living with others. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 33(4), 51-66
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (2000). Stressful events and depressive symptoms among old women and men: A longitudinal study. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 51, 275-294
Kwan, C.W., Chi, I., Lam, T.P., Lam, K.F. & Chou, K.L. (2000). Validation of minimum data set for home care assessment instrument (MDS-HC) for Hong Kong Chinese elders. Clinical Gerontologist, 21(4), 35-48
Chou, K.L. (2000). Intimacy and psychosocial adjustment in Chinese adolescents. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 161(2), 141-151
Chou, K.L. (2000). Emotional autonomy and depression among Chinese adolescents. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 161(2), 161-168
Chi, I., & Chou, K.L. (1999). Financial strain and depressive symptoms among Hong Kong Chinese elderly: A longitudinal study. . Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 32(4), 41-60
Chou, K.L. (1999). Influences on adolescents in an ecosystem: Uniform groups. . Journal of Genetic Psychology, 160(3), 270-279
Chou, K.L., & Chi, I. (1999). Determinants of life satisfaction among Chinese older adults: A longitudinal study. . Aging and Mental Health: An International Journal, 3(4), 327-334
Chou, K.L., Chi, I., & Boey, K.W. (1999). Determinants of depressive symptoms among Elderly Chinese living alone. Clinical Gerontologist, 20(4),, 15-27
Chou, K.L. (1999). Social support and subjective well-being among Chinese adolescents. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 160(3), 319-331
Chou, K.L. (1998). Effects of age, gender, and participation in volunteer activities on the altruistic behavior of Chinese adolescents. . Journal of Genetic Psychology, 159(2), 195-202
Chou, K.L., & Mak, K.Y. (1998). Attitudes to mental patients among Hong Kong Chinese: A trend study over two years. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 44(3), 215-224
Chou, K.L. (1997). The Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngster: reliability and validity of a Chinese translation. Personality and Individual Differences, 22(1), 123-125
Chou, K.L., & Ch’ien, J.M.N. (1997). Utility theory and the adolescent drug abusers in Hong Kong. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 14(6), 397-412
Chou, K.L. (1996). The Rushton, Chrisjohn and Fekken Self-Report Altruism Scale: A Chinese translation. Personality and Individual Differences, 21(2), 297-298
Chou, K.L., Mak, K.Y., Chung, P.K., & Ho, K. (1996). Attitudes toward mental patients in Hong Kong. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 42(3), 213-219
Geisler, W., & Chou, K.L. (1995). Separation of low-level and high-level factors in complex tasks: Visual search . Psychological Review, 102(2), 356-378

Conference Papers
Invited conference paper
周基利、黃佳威、林建泉、謝愷之 (2016, 11). 香港養老保障之提取模式 - 比較與探討研究。. 香港退休計劃協會, Hong Kong

All Other Outputs

Project

Investigating the Underlying Mechanism of the Impact of Mindfulness on Loneliness among Older Adults: A Neuroimaging and Imaging Genetic Approach
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Project Start Year: 2021, Principal Investigator(s): CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利
 
Protecting Older People from Loneliness During the Coronavirus (Covid-19) and Other Novel Infectious Disease Pandemic
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Project Start Year: 2021, Principal Investigator(s): CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利
 
Effects of Time Discounting and Goal Clarity Intervention on Preparation for Healthy Aging among Middle-aged Adults in Hong Kong: A Pilot Study
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Project Start Year: 2020, Principal Investigator(s): CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利
 
Teachers Need Real Feedback: A Study of Classroom Analytics
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Project Start Year: 2020, Principal Investigator(s): CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利
 
Assessing Agitation in Individuals with Dementia Using Wearable Multimodal Physiological Sensors: A Feasibility Study
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Project Start Year: 2020, Principal Investigator(s): CHEUNG, Sze Ki (CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利 as Co-Investigator)
 
Public Attitude to Violence in Hong Kong Social Unrest (在社會動盪中市民對暴力的態度)
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Project Start Year: 2020, Principal Investigator(s): CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利
 
Effects of Future-time Perspective and Goal Clarity Intervention on Financial Preparation for Old Age in Hong Kong
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Project Start Year: 2020, Principal Investigator(s): CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利
 
When Both Spouses Have Functional Decline: Spousal Collaboration Dynamics in Mastering Daily Stressors Using Ecological Momentary Assessment
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Project Start Year: 2020, Principal Investigator(s): LOU, Vivian Weiqun (CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利 as Co-Investigator)
 
To Claim or Not to Claim: Towards a Better Understanding of the Take-up Rates of Welfare Schemes Targeting Hong Kong Older Adults and the Stigma Attached to Them (申領或不申領:了解長者社會保障計劃參與率及其負面的標籤)
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Project Start Year: 2019, Principal Investigator(s): CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利
 
Meaning Making of Adult Child Dementia Caregiving: Testing a Generation Model
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Project Start Year: 2019, Principal Investigator(s): LOU, Vivian Weiqun (CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利 as Co-Investigator)
 
The Effects of Old-Age Public Transfer on Older People: The Case of Social Pensions in Hong Kong
With the prevalence of social pensions in the Asia-Pacific region, there is fierce debate on whether they have a positive or negative impact on older people and their family members. In 2017 and 2018, two social pension schemes in Hong Kong will be reformed to enhance their beneficial impact on poverty rates in old age. The Policy Address, by the Chief Executive announced that the means-tested Old Age Living Allowance (OALA), one of the social pension schemes, will be enhanced by other measures. These reform measures provide a golden opportunity to examine the impact of social pension schemes by creating an exogenous change in the benefit level by taking advantage of an ongoing longitudinal study of older adults in Hong Kong. In this proposed study, we will examine the impact of recent changes in social pension programs on older adults and their household members in Hong Kong. Specifically, we aim to evaluate the impact of the newly introduced measures on social pension schemes on household income and expenditure, income-based and consumption-based poverty risk, material deprivation, social exclusion, upstream inter-generational transfers from adult children, labor participation intensity, life satisfaction, depressive symptoms and health indicators in households with older adults, and labor participation among household members. To achieve this objective, we will conduct the third and fourth wave survey of an ongoing longitudinal study of older adults in 2019 and 2021, respectively. These surveys follow on from the first and second wave surveys undertaken in 2015 and 2017. In addition to some basic socio-demographic and economic characteristics, we will collect data on household income and expenditure, material deprivation, social exclusion, labor participation of household members, upstream inter-generational transfers, subjective well-being, and health indicators. We will use a triple-differences approach to systematically evaluate these effects by comparing the treatment and comparison groups for each reform measure using the four waves of data. The findings of the proposed study are expected to make a substantial contribution to policy debates in Hong Kong. These debates should eventually improve the living conditions of older adults in the territory by offering concrete policy recommendations to reform support for older adults . The research will also contribute to the theoretical literature by evaluating the impact of reform on different measures of poverty, subjective well-being, and health indicators. Lastly, by examining the effect on inter-generational transfers, we will also evaluate the theories or models underlying these transfers.
Project Start Year: 2019, Principal Investigator(s): CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利
 
Multi-modal Measurement of Learning Engagement in Hong Kong Primary School Students
Active engagement is one of the most important factors for effective learning and it is associated with positive learning outcomes like academic performance and college attendance. Traditional measures like questionnaires or observation are not able to provide automatic, continuous, real-time, non-contact, and low-cost measure of learning engagement but due to the recent advance in technology, it is feasible to develop such measures in the context of intelligent tutoring system (ITS). Data of the interaction pattern between learner and ITS, such as learners’ responses, assessment of their response, the feedback provided by the ITS, the ITS’s next move, reaction and response of learners, could be used to detect learners’ affect and disengagement behavior. Moreover, common learning affects like boredom, confusion, delight, engagement and frustration can be detected among high school students playing an educational game in a school computer laboratory from their facial expressions detected by low-cost webcam. Based on these findings, we are aimed to develop and validate an interaction-based detector and a facial expression detector which is aimed to measure the affective and behavioral components as well as affective component of learning engagement, respectively among Hong Kong primary school students who are learning mathematics in a self-development intelligent tutorial system.

Only a few previous studies have been conducted to examine the dynamics of learning engagement by manipulating learning process. A well-known study in social psychology has been conducted to making participants cognitive busy by asking them to engage an additional cognitive task like counting backward. We plan to use this experimental paradigm, namely cognitive busyness study, to observe how affective and behavioral components of learning engagement change over time. Our objective is to examine the dynamic changes of affective and behavioral components of learning engagement using the cognitive busyness experimental paradigm in process of engagement, disengagement, and re-engagement.
To achieve the objectives mentioned above, we will conduct one validation study and one study using the cognitive busyness paradigm. In the first study, 60 primary school students of Grade 4 from 2 schools will be recruited and participated while another 30 Grade 4 students will participated in the second study. We will develop a web-based mathematics tutoring software which teaches problem solving skills for Equal Group and Multiplicative Compare problems and our studies will be conducted when students are engaging this tutoring system. In the validation study, participants will engage in the tutoring system for about one hour each day for four consecutive days and video of their faces and their interaction with the system will be recorded and collected. The ground truth labels for affective and behavioral aspects of learning engagement of the students will be based on human observation. Using feature extraction and machine learning algorithm in previous studies, we will extract the features from interaction pattern and facial expression detected by video clips and features will be used to detect affective and behavioral engagement by machine learning algorithms. Cohen’s Kappa and A’ statistics will be used as the metrics to evaluate detector goodness. In the cognitive busyness, participants will also be asked to engage in our developed ITS for about 1 hour per day and for four consecutive days. To make participants cognitive busy, beside the learning activities, participants will be asked to count backward from easiest version to the most difficult one until they report that they are not able to engage in the learning activity. Then they will be asked to stop the counting back and re-focus on the learning task only. We will track the changes in the affective, behavioral and cognitive aspects of learning engagement thorough out the process of engagement, disengagement a
Project Start Year: 2018, Principal Investigator(s): CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利
 
Improving Financial Literacy in Secondary School Students: An Randomized Experiment
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Project Start Year: 2017, Principal Investigator(s): CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利
 
Investment Pattern and Performance of Mandatory Provident Fund Scheme Members: A Historical Administrative Record Analysis
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Project Start Year: 2016, Principal Investigator(s): CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利
 
Promotion of Volunteerism among Hong Kong Retirees: An Intervention Study
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Project Start Year: 2016, Principal Investigator(s): CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利
 
Poverty Dynamic in Hong Kong
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Project Start Year: 2016, Principal Investigator(s): CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利
 
Universalism or Means-Tested Benefits for Children and Single Mothers
Recently, because the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) plans to introduce a means-tested “Old Age Living Allowance”, a hot debate has arisen on whether the new scheme should be universal or means-tested. Although most people would agree that means-tested benefits are more cost-effective in reducing poverty and income inequality than universal ones, some assert that universal transfer by virtue of their universality reach everyone and may thus, depending on the benefit amounts, be more effective in terms of poverty eradication. Nevertheless, in Hong Kong, our knowledge about the impact of universal and means-tested benefits remains inadequate. How effective are these programs in alleviating poverty rates as well as reducing income inequality? To what extent can these programs fill the gap between the current income levels and the poverty line of poor families? Are they financially sustainable in the long term?
Compared with older adults, although the poverty of households with children and single mothers have also drawn a lot of attention, they have been largely neglected in our controversy on cash transfer welfare benefits even though a few studies have been conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of universal and means-tested programs for these two targeted groups in Western countries. Therefore, to address this research gap in a local context, we will focus on households with children (aged 17 and younger) as well as single mothers in this study. The purpose of the project is to assess the existing means-tested cash transfer programs and the proposed universal as well as other means-tested programs on their reduction of poverty, income inequality, their financial sustainability in the coming three decades, and their public acceptance. The proposed project will be led by a multidisciplinary and inter-institutional research team consisting an actuary, an economist, a policy analyst, a political scientist, and an expert in social survey – a team with substantial research experience in studying poverty issues from different perspectives using different methodologies, including face-to-face household and phone surveys, micro-simulation modeling, and qualitative analysis based on in-depth interviews or focus groups.Based on the research findings, the proposed project will offer concrete policy recommendations for reforming the current income protection arrangements for households with children and single mothers. The findings of the proposed study are expected to make a substantial contribution to policy debates in Hong Kong and, eventually, improve the living conditions of children and single mothers in the territory.

Project Start Year: 2014, Principal Investigator(s): CHOU, Kee Lee 周基利
 
Patents

Automatic Emotion Recognition Method, System, Computing Device, and Computer Readable Storage Medium
本發明公開了一種自動情緒識別方法、系統、計算設備及電腦可讀存儲介質。 - A/G06
 
Automatic Emotion Recognition Method, System, Computing Device, and Computer Readable Storage Medium
本發明公開了一種自動情緒識別方法、系統、計算設備及電腦可讀存儲介質。 - A/G06
 
Automatic Emotion Recognition Method, System, Computing Device, and Computer Readable Storage Medium
本發明公開了一種自動情緒識別方法、系統、計算設備及電腦可讀存儲介質。 - A/G06