Dr TO, Wai Chun Clara   杜維真
Assistant Professor
Department of Social Sciences
Phone No: (852) 2948 8447
Email: clarato@eduhk.hk
Contact
ORCiD
0000-0002-8362-2571
Phone
(852) 2948 8447
Email
clarato@eduhk.hk
Address
10 Lo Ping Road, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong Kong
Scopus ID
57213665029
Research Interest

Gender studies, marriage migrants and cross-border families, Chinese societies, intergenerational relations, Chinese families

Personal Profile

Dr. Clara Wai-chun To received her Master of Science and PhD at the Department of Sociology of the University of Wisconsin at Madison, U.S.A. She has been awarded several national (U.S.) and international dissertation fellowships for her research on women’s labor, changing intergenerational contract and transfers in contemporary rural South China. In 2017, she receives an external research grant to examine the marital experience of Mainland Chinese immigrant women in Hong Kong. Before joining the EdUHK, Dr. To had taught at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Her recent research interests include Mainland Chinese marriage migrants and cross-border families in Hong Kong.

Research Interest

Gender studies, marriage migrants and cross-border families, Chinese societies, intergenerational relations, Chinese families

Selected Output

Scholarly Books, Monographs and Chapters
Chapter in an edited book (author)
杜維真 (2019)。 跨境婚姻家庭內部公民分層現象︰論居留香港之內地妻子與子女。輯於游素玲、陳麗君編, 《亞洲婚姻移民女性:移動與能動》 (頁185-207)。台南市: 國立成功大學性別與婦女研究中心
To, C.W. (2016). State feminism in China. In G. Ritzer (Ed.), The Blackwell encyclopedia of sociology (2nd ed.) (online update to 1st ed., August 2016) (xxx-xxx). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell
To, C.W. (2014). Domestic labor, gendered intergenerational contract, and shared elderly support in rural south China . In Z. Hao & S. Shen (eds.), Social issues in China: Gender, ethnicity, labor and the environment (67-85). New York: Springer

Journal Publications
Publication in refereed journal
To, C.W. (2020). The Role of Children in Marital Relationships and (In)stability of Cross-border Stepfamilies in Hong Kong. Asia Pacific Viewpoint, 61(3), 406-422
To, C.W. (forthcoming) (2019). Mother, wife, or worker: Life course and motivations of remarried Mainland Chinese migrant women in Hong Kong. doi.org/10.1093/migration/mnz051. Migration Studies, X(X), xxx-xxx
To, C.W.C. & Lau, C.H.J. (2019). Family compositions and marital conflicts in cross-border remarriages in Hong Kong. American International Journal of Social Science, 8(4), 15-22
To, C.W. (2019). Civic stratification within cross-border families: Mainland Chinese children and wives in Hong Kong. Migration Letters, 16(2), 301-316
To, C.W. (2015). Sibling structure, distributive norms, and negotiation for mothers-in-law's assistance in rural South China . Journal of Aging Studies, 32, 59-70
To, C.W. (2014). Economic reforms, changing intergenerational transfers, and women's labor in contemporary rural south China. American International Journal of Social Sciences, 3 (4), 98-113

Conference Papers
Refereed conference paper
To, C.W. (2020, 9). Impacts of immigration and social policies on marital stability of Mainland Chinese remarried immigrants in Hong Kong. The Migration Conference 2020, Tetovo, North Macedonia
To, C.W.C. & Lau, C.H.J. (2019, 8). Family configuration and marital stability of remarried Mainland Chinese migrant women in Hong Kong. Paper presented at the 2019 Annual Conference of the International Chinese Sociological Association, New York University, U.S.A.
To, C.W. (2018, 11). The role of children in marital relationships and (In)stability of cross-border stepfamilies in Hong Kong. Paper presented at the international workshop "The invisible within: actors, relationships and activities in Chinese migrant families", University of Central Lancashire, UK
To, C.W. (2016, 8). Stratified Mothers/Stratified Wives: Immigration Status, Reproduction, and Citizenship of Chinese Marriage-related Migrants in Hong Kong. . Paper presented at the 2016 American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Seattle, USA
To, C.W. (2013, 12). Citizenship, social reproduction and social exclusion of newly-arrived immigrant women in Hong Kong. Paper presented at "Gender and Migration: Changes and Challenges” International Conference 2013, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
To, C.W. (2013, 8). Economic reforms and the changing division of caring labor among in-laws in rural south China. Paper presented at the Sociologists for Women in Society (SWS) Summer Meeting, New York City, USA
To, C.W. (2011, 3). Unpaid domestic labor, changing intergenerational contract, and elderly support in rural south China. Paper presented at the Left Forum Conference, New York City, U.S.A.
To, C.W. (2010, 12). Reflecting on bridging China studies and western scholarship in gendered caring labor. Paper presented at the 12th Annual Conference of the Hong Kong Sociological Association, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong
To, C.W. (2007, 7). Family goals, changing intergenerational transfers and women's labor in contemporary rural south China. Paper presented at the 15th Symposium of The International Consortium for Social Development, Hong Kong
Other conference paper
To, C.W. (2017, 6). Mother, wife, or worker: Life course and motivations of remarried Mainland Chinese migrant women in Hong Kong. Paper presented at "Gender, Migration and Economies" International Conference, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Creative and Literary Works, Consulting Reports and Case Studies
Consulting or contract research report
To, C.W. (2018). Life Course Effect on Marital Stability: Experience of Remarried Mainland Chinese Migrant Women in Hong Kong: Final report. Submitted to Policy Innovation and Co-ordination Office, HKSAR . Hong Kong: The Education University of Hong Kong

All Other Outputs
Other outputs
To, C.W. (2016). Marital motivations of remarried Mainland Chinese migrant women in Hong Kong: A life course perspective. (Departmental seminar) . Hong Kong: Department of Social Sciences, Hong Kong Institute of Education. March 2, 2016
To, C.W. (2013). Immigration, welfare policies, and social exclusion of newly-arrived immigrant women in Hong Kong. (Invited guest talk) . Taipei, Taiwan: Department of Sociology, Soochow University. May 27, 2013
Tang, K.L., Wong H., Cheung C.K., with To, C. (2008). Final report of evaluation of the Special Training and Enhancement Programme (My STEP).. Commissioned by the Social Welfare Department, HKSAR
Gouldner, A. W. (2001). The future of intellectuals and the rise of the new class. (C.W. To, W.S. Law, & W.Y. Wong, Trans. in Chinese).. Beijing: Renmin Wenxue Chuban She. (Original work published 1979)

Project

Family Configuration and Marital Stability of Remarried Mainland Chinese Migrant Women in Hong Kong
This project seeks to explore different migration experiences and familial dynamics in remarriage between women who migrate with their Mainland children, and those who do not. In so doing, this qualitative study investigates the extent to which these two groups of women will encounter different types of challenges, and how diverse family configurations, i.e. the presence of Mainland or common children in remarriage, affects marital stability.
Project Start Year: 2018, Principal Investigator(s): TO, Wai Chun Clara 杜維真
 
Life Course Effects on Marital Stability: Experience of Remarried Mainland Chinese Migrant Women in Hong Kong (follow-up research)
This research explores different migration experiences and familial dynamics in remarriage among women who migrate with their mainland children from previous marriage(s), and those who do not.
Project Start Year: 2018, Principal Investigator(s): TO, Wai Chun Clara 杜維真
 
Life Course Effects on Marital Stability: Experience of Remarried Mainland Chinese Migrant Women in Hong Kong
Guided by the life course perspective,this in-depth study aims to discover the unique challenges encountered by remarried Mainland mothers and their families, as well as the factors and processes that may enhance marital stability or reduce conflicts in cross-border stepfamilies.
Project Start Year: 2017, Principal Investigator(s): TO, Wai Chun Clara 杜維真
 
Marital and migration experience of remarried Mainland Chinese migrant women in Hong Kong
This research examines the motivations and decision–making processes of marriage and migration of remarried migrant women in Hong Kong from mainland China. It investigates the challenges that they face in performing multiple roles of wives, mothers, and workers, and the strategies that they adopt to accommodate these challenges.
Project Start Year: 2016, Principal Investigator(s): TO, Wai Chun Clara 杜維真
 
Marital and migration experience of remarried Mainland Chinese migrant women in Hong Kong
This research examines the motivations and decision–making processes of marriage and migration of remarried migrant women in Hong Kong from mainland China. It investigates the challenges that they face in performing multiple roles of wives, mothers, and workers, and the strategies that they adopt to accommodate these challenges.
Project Start Year: 2014, Principal Investigator(s): TO, Wai Chun Clara 杜維真
 
Female marriage migrants from mainland China and negotiation of identities as mothers, wives, and workers
This research examines how marriage migrants from mainland China who have had work experience prior to migration negotiate their identities as wives, mothers, and workers in Hong Kong.
Project Start Year: 2013, Principal Investigator(s): TO, Wai Chun Clara 杜維真