Dr FONG, Chi Hang Brian   方志恒
Associate Professor
Academy of Hong Kong Studies
Phone No: (852) 2948 7119
Email: chfong@eduhk.hk
Contact
ORCiD
0000-0002-2537-0249
Phone
(852) 2948 7119
Email
chfong@eduhk.hk
Scopus ID
55926821300
Research Interest
  • Great-Power Competition
  • Democratization
  • Identity Politics
  • Political Economy
  • Public Governance
Teaching Interest
  • Comparative Politics
  • International Relations
  • Global Studies
  • Asian Studies
  • China Studies
External Appointment
  • Part-time Member, Central Policy Unit of HKSAR Government (From January 2011 to December 2012).
  • Member, The Secretary for Transport and Housing’s Youth Focus Group (From October 2013 to June 2017).
  • Member, Subsidised Housing Committee of Housing Authority (From April 2014 to April 2018).
Professional Profile

Dr. Fong is comparative political scientist based in Hong Kong. He is currently Associate Professor and Associate Director of The Academy of Hong Kong Studies at The Education University of Hong Kong. Previously, he was Lecturer in the Division of Social Sciences of the City University of Hong Kong (2007 to 2013) and Executive Officer of the HKSAR Government (2001 to 2007).

Dr. Fong’s research agenda include great-power competition, democratization, identity politics, political economy, and public governance. Dr. Fong has produced more than 70 publications including a dozen of articles in top SSCI journals such as Democratization, Nations and Nationalism, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, International Public Management Journal, International Review of Administrative Sciences, Comparative Education Review, Asian Survey, China Quarterly, and Modern China. He has passionately promoted Hong Kong Studies, China Studies and Comparative Political Studies, serving as the founding editor of Hong Kong Studies Reader Series, associate editor of Social Transformation in Chinese Societies, and first-editor of several comparative politics books (including the forthcoming China’s Influence and the Centre-periphery Tug of War in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Indo-Pacific and Routledge Handbook of Comparative Territorial Autonomies). Over the years, Dr. Fong successfully got numerous competitive project grants totaling USD 660,000, including the award of 2019 “Humanities and Social Sciences Prestigious Fellowship” by the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong for his project titled “Comparative Territorial Autonomies: Exploring A New Comparative Politics Dataset”.

Dr. Fong is a public intellectual. He is an active commentator for various international media and a regular columnist in The Diplomat. He is also very active in community services, founding and leading several civil society organizations.

方志恒博士是植根於香港的比較政治學者。方博士現職香港教育大學香港研究學院副總監及副教授。此前,方博士曾任香港城市大學專上學院社會科學部講師(2007-2013)及香港政府任行政主任(2001-2007)。

方博士研究範疇包括大國競爭、民主化身份政治、政治經濟學和公共。他出版的著作多達七十多部,包括於多份SSCI國際學術期刊發表論文,例如《民主化》、《民族和民族主義》、《共產及後共產主義研究》、《國際公共管理期刊》、《國際行政科學評論》、《比較教育評論》《亞洲調查》《中國季刊》《近代中國》等等。方博士一直致力於推動香港研究、中國研究及比較政治研究,他分別擔任《香港研究讀本系列》的創始編輯、《華人社會變遷》的副總編輯和多本比較政治編著的首席編輯(包括即將出版的《中國影響與中心邊陲之爭:香港、台灣及印太》《羅德里奇‘比較自治政體’手冊》)。方博士歷年來成功取得的研究項目經費多達550萬港元,包括在2019年獲香港研究資助局「人文學及社會科學傑出學者計劃」撥款,進行名為〈比較自治政體:探索新的比較政治數據集〉的研究項目。

方博士是公共知識份子。他經常於國際媒體發表卓見,也是《外交家雜誌》的專欄作者;同時熱心參與社會服務,創辦和領導多個民間團體。

Research Interest

  • Great-Power Competition
  • Democratization
  • Identity Politics
  • Political Economy
  • Public Governance
Teaching Interest

  • Comparative Politics
  • International Relations
  • Global Studies
  • Asian Studies
  • China Studies
External Appointment

  • Part-time Member, Central Policy Unit of HKSAR Government (From January 2011 to December 2012).
  • Member, The Secretary for Transport and Housing’s Youth Focus Group (From October 2013 to June 2017).
  • Member, Subsidised Housing Committee of Housing Authority (From April 2014 to April 2018).
Selected Output

Scholarly Books, Monographs and Chapters
Brian C.H. Fong (2021). Conclusion: Comparative observations across territorial autonomies worldwide. Brian C.H. Fong and Atsuko Ichijo, Routledge Handbook of Comparative Territorial Autonomies (1-15). Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge.
Brian C.H. Fong (2021). Hong Kong Politics: In Search of Autonomy, Democracy and Governance. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Brian C.H. Fong (2021). Hong Kong Public Finance: An Integrated Approach for Studying Budgetary Politics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Brian C.H. Fong and Atsuko Ichijo (2021). Routledge Handbook of Comparative Territorial Autonomies. Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge.
Brian C.H. Fong (2020). Re-thinking China’s influence across surrounding jurisdictions: a concentric center-periphery framework. Brian C.H. Fong, Wu Jieh-min and Andrew J. Nathan, China’s Influence and the Centre-periphery Tug of War in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Indo-Pacific (3-23). Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge.
Brian C.H. Fong, Wu Jiehmin and Andrew J. Nathan (2020). China’s Influence and the Centre-periphery Tug of War in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Indo-Pacific. Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge.
Brian C. H. Fong (2018). Advisory politics before and after 1997: In search of a new relationship between state, political society and civil society. Tai Lok Lui , Stephen Wing Kai Chiu and Ray Yep, Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Hong Kong (109-122). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
Brian C. H. Fong (2018). Executive-legislative Disconnection in the HKSAR: Uneasy partnership between Chief Executives and pro-government parties, 1997-2016. Brian C. H. Fong and Tai-Lok Lui, Hong Kong 20 Years after the Handover: Emerging Social and Institutional Fractures After 1997 (45-71). London: Palgrave.
Brian C. H. Fong and Tai-Lok Lui (2018). Epilogue: Falling Apart before 2047?. Brian C. H. Fong and Tai-Lok Lui (Eds.), Hong Kong: 20 Years After the Handover --- Emerging Social and Institutional Fractures After 1997 (339-343). London: Palgrave.
Brian C. H. Fong and Tai-Lok Lui (Eds.) (2018). Hong Kong 20 Years after the Handover: Emerging Social and Institutional Fractures After 1997. London: Palgrave.
Brian C. H. Fong and Tai-Lok Lui (2018). Introduction: One Country, Two Systems From Theory to Practice. Brian C. H. Fong and Tai-Lok Lui (Eds.), Hong Kong: 20 Years After the Handover --- Emerging Social and Institutional Fractures After 1997 (xvii-xxv). London: Palgrave.
Brian C. H. Fong (2014). Hong Kong’s Governance Under Chinese Sovereignty: The Failure of the State-business Alliance After 1997. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
Brian C.H. Fong (2014). Ten Years of Political Appointments in Hong Kong: The Challenges of Developing a Political Appointment System Under a Semi-democratic Regime, 2002 – 2012. In Joseph Cheng (ed.), New Trends of Political Participation in Hong Kong (50-68). Hong Kong: City University of Hong Kong Press.
Brian C.H. Fong (2013). Political Marketing Campaigns of Chief Executive Donald Tsang: The Challenges of Managing Legitimacy Deficit Under a Semi-democratic Regime. In Joseph Cheng (ed.), The Second Chief Executive of Hong Kong SAR – Evaluating the Tsang Years 2005-2012 (71-96). Hong Kong: City University of Hong Kong Press.

Journal Publications
Brian C.H. Fong (2021). Deficit Politics and Surplus Politics: A Comparative Study of Hong Kong and Singapore. International Public Management Journal, Article first published online, 1-21.
Brian C.H. Fong (2020). Exporting Autocracy: How China’s Extra-Jurisdictional Autocratic Influence Caused Democratic Backsliding in Hong Kong. Democratization, Article first published online, 1-21.
Brian C.H. Fong (2020). Practicing Autonomy Within a Communist State: Hong Kong’s Autonomy from Handover to Anti-Extradition Bill Movement, 1997 to 2019. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 53(4), 68-90.
Brian C.H. Fong (2019). Democratization and budget openness: evidences from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan. International Review of Administrative Sciences, Article first published online, 1-21.
Brian C.H. Fong (2019). Stateless nation within a nationless state: The political past, present and future of Hongkongers, 1949-2019. Nations and Nationalism, Article first published online, 1-21.
Brian C.H. Fong (2017). One Country, Two Nationalisms: Center-Periphery Relations between Mainland China and Hong Kong, 1997–2016. Modern China, 43, 1-34.
Brian C.H. Fong (2016). In-between liberal authoritarianism and electoral authoritarianism: Hong Kong’s democratization under Chinese sovereignty, 1997–2016. Democratization, 24, 1-27.
Brian C.H. Fong (2015). The politics of budget surpluses: the case of China's Hong Kong SAR. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 81(1), 134-157.
Brian C.H. Fong (2014). The Partnership Between Chinese Government and Hong Kong’s Capitalist Class: Implications for HKSAR Governance, 1997 – 2012. China Quarterly, 217, 195-220.
Tai-Lok Lui and Brian C. H. Fong (2014). Emerging Social and Institutional Fractures in Post-1997 Hong Kong. China Perspectives, 2014/1, 3-4.
Brian C.H. Fong (2014). Executive-legislative Disconnection in Post-colonial Hong Kong: The Dysfunction of the HKSAR Executive-dominant System, 1997 – 2012. China Perspectives, 2014/1, 5-12.
Brian C.H. Fong (2013). State-Society Conflicts under Hong Kong’s Hybrid Regime: Governing Coalition Building and Civil Society Challenges. Asian Survey, 53, 854-882.
Brian C.H. Fong (2011). The Rise of Poll-Driven Politics and Image-Dominated Campaigns in Hong Kong: The Case of the 2007 Chief Executive Election. Asian Profile, 39, 273-288.
Brian C.H. Fong (2008). An Analysis of the 2003 ‘Zero-Three-Three’ Civil Service Pay Reduction Settlement in Hong Kong: A Neopluralist Perspective. Asian Profile, 39, 273-288.

Conference Papers
Brian C.H. Fong (2019, September). Geopolitical Hong Kong: An Overlapping Periphery In-between China and the U.S., 1949 to 2019. Invited paper presented at the “Islands and Mainlands: Center-Periphery Relations in the Context of Nationalism and State Formation” Workshop, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, 3 September 2019, Taiwan.
Brian C.H. Fong (2018, January). China’s Influence Across Indo-Pacific. Invited paper presented at the “Conference on Chinese Communist Party’s work on Hong Kong and Taiwan: History and Future”, Boissonade Institute of Modern Law and Politics, Hosei University, Tokyo, Japan, 26 January 2018, Japan.
Brian C.H. Fong (2016, March). The wave of localism: Hong Kong’s politics under the shadow of China Factor (in Chinese). A paper presented at the Workshop on ‘‘Comparison of Social and Political Transitions between Taiwan and Hong Kong in the Period of Post-Sunflower & Post-Umbrella Movements’’, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, 25 March 2016, Taiwan.
Brian C.H. Fong (2015, December). Government-society relations: A comparative study of colonial and SAR Hong Kong (in Chinese). A paper presented at the Workshop on Development of Tradition and Civil Society: A Comparative Study of China, Taiwan and Hong Kong, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan, 12 to 12 December 2015, Taiwan.
Brian C.H. Fong (2012). From Erosion of Trust to Crisis of Governance: The Political Trajectory of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. A paper presented at the Conference on Trust-Building and Governance in Hong Kong and Macao, Hong Kong.
Brian C.H. Fong (2012). Moving Towards an Electoral Authoritarian Regime? The Challenges and Prospects of Hong Kong’s Democratization. A paper presented at the 6th Asian Political and International Studies Association (APISA) Congress 2012, Hong Kong.
Brian C.H. Fong (2012). Policy-making Impasse in China's Hong Kong Special Administrative Region: The Challenges of Managing Growing Pluralism in the Policy Process. A paper presented at the Third Asian Conference on the Social Sciences, Osaka.
Brian C.H. Fong (2011). Hong Kong Governance at a Crossroads: The Challenges of Managing Growing Citizen Participation in the Policy Process. A paper presented at the International Conference on Governance and Citizenship in Asia: Paradigms and Practices, Hong Kong.
Brian C.H. Fong (2008). Pragmatic Leadership: The Political Marketing Strategy of Hong Kong’s Chief Executive Donald Tsang. A paper presented at the International Conference on Communication and Media 2008 (iCOME’ 08), University Utara Malaysia.

All Other Outputs
Brian C.H. Fong (2019). Book Review: “Corruption Prevention and Governance in Hong Kong, by Ian Scott and Ting Gong”. 238, pp. 555-556.
Brian C.H. Fong (2018). Book Review: “China, Hong Kong, and the Long 1970s, by Priscilla Roberts and Odd Arne Westad”. published online.
Brian C.H. Fong (2017). Book Review: “Hong Kong in the shadow of China: living with the Leviathan, by Richard C. Bush” and “Democratization in Hong Kong — and China?, by Lynn T. White III”. 231, pp. 826-828.
Brian C.H. Fong (2016). Book Review: “The Politics of China–Hong Kong Relations: Living with Distant Masters, by Peter W. Preston Cheltenham”. 228, pp. 1109-1111.
Brian C.H. Fong (2013). Book Review: “Repositioning the Hong Kong Government: Social Foundations and Political Challenges, by Stephen Wing-kai Chiu and Siu-lun Wong”. China Information, 27(3), pp. 396-397.
Brian C.H. Fong (2011). Book Review: “Underground Front: The Chinese Communist Party in Hong Kong, by Christine Loh”. The China Journal, 66, pp.238-240.

Project

Comparative Territorial Autonomies: Exploring A New Comparative Politics Dataset
The aim of the proposed research, entitled “Comparative territorial autonomies: Exploring A New Comparative Politics Dataset”, is to compile a codebook to guide the subsequent development of a new dataset of territorial autonomies.
Project Start Year: 2020, Principal Investigator(s): FONG, Chi Hang Brian 方志恒
 
Global Hong Kong Diasporas: An Exploratory Multi-disciplinary Study
..
Project Start Year: 2020, Principal Investigator(s): FONG, Chi Hang Brian 方志恒
 
Re-discovering Geo-political Hong Kong: The Story of an Overlapping Periphery, 1949 - 2019
This research project aims to examine the past, present and future of Hong Kong from a geo-political perspective. When completed, this research project will make an original contribution to geo-political literature by presenting Hong Kong as a case study of overlapping periphery situating in-between different geo-political centers.
Project Start Year: 2019, Principal Investigator(s): FONG, Chi Hang Brian 方志恒
 
From Deficit Politics to Surplus Politics: A Comparative Case Study of Hong Kong and Singapore
This study is a pioneer project that investigates the nature and characteristics of “surplus politics” of Hong Kong and Singapore in a comparative perspective.
Project Start Year: 2018, Principal Investigator(s): FONG, Chi Hang Brian 方志恒
 
Application of Open Budget Survey Methodology: A Comparative Study of Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan
This research project is a pioneer project that applies the OBS methodology in the assessment of the state of budget openness in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan.
Project Start Year: 2016, Principal Investigator(s): FONG, Chi Hang Brian 方志恒
 
Social Media Barometer Project
The objective of this project is to generate a territory-wide base of scientifically reliable and comparable data on social media so as to keep track of public sentiments and opinions
Project Start Year: 2016, Principal Investigator(s): FONG, Chi Hang Brian 方志恒
 
Prizes and awards

2014 Gordon White Prize by The China Quarterly
Dr. Fong was awarded the 2014 Gordon White Prize by The China Quarterly for his article entitled “The Partnership between the Chinese Government and Hong Kong's Capitalist Class: Implications for HKSAR Governance, 1997–2012”, the prize is awarded annually for the most original article or research report published in The China Quarterly in the relevant year.
Date of receipt: 21/5/2015, Conferred by: The China Quarterly