Dr YAN, Zi   晏子
Associate Professor
Department of Curriculum and Instruction
Associate Director
Assessment Research Centre
Phone No: (852) 2948 6367
Fax No: (852) 2948 7563
Email: zyan@eduhk.hk
Contact
ORCiD
0000-0001-9305-884X
Phone
(852) 2948 6367
Fax
(852) 2948 7563
Email
zyan@eduhk.hk
Scopus ID
45562034600
Research Interest
  • Educational assessment
  • Rasch measurement
  • Test/survey development
  • Teacher education
  • Application of the Theory of Planned Behaviour
Teaching Interest
  • Assessment
  • Test/survey development
  • Quantitative research methodology
External Appointment

Honourary Associate Professor, Centre for Research in Assessment and Digital Learning, Deakin University.

Professional appointment/membership

  • Co-director, Centre for Excellence in Learning and Teaching, EdUHK
  • Associate Director, Assessment Research Centre, EdUHK
  • Deputy Chair, Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Society
  • Member, Research and Development Committee, Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority
  • Member, American Educational Research Association (AERA)
  • Member, National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME), United States
  • Founder member, International Forum of Researchers in Education (IFORE)
  • Member, The European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction (EARLI)
  • Member, The International Association for Educational Assessment
  • Affiliated Researcher, Collaborative for Student Assessment and Educational Improvement Research, Arizona State University, USA

Editorial Board

  • Assistant Editor, Studies in Educational Evaluation
  • Associate Section Editor, Assessment, Testing and Applied Measurement Section of Frontiers in Education

Reviewer

  • Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
  • Advances in Educational Research
  • Alberta Journal of Educational Research
  • Asia-Pacific Journal of Education
  • Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education
  • Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
  • CAISE Review
  • Cambridge Journal of Education
  • Child Development
  • Computers & Education
  • Education Journal (in Chinese)
  • Educational Psychology
  • Educational Studies
  • Education Research International
  • Evaluation & Research in Education
  • International Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • International Journal of Inclusive Education
  • International Journal of Science Education
  • International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education
  • International Journal of Tourism Anthropology
  • International Journal of Training Research
  • Journal of Medical Internet Research
  • Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management
  • Journal of Sport and Health Science
  • Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science
  • Occupational Therapy International
  • Quality of Life Research
  • Psychology of Sport & Exercise
  • Studies in Educational Evaluation
  • Studies in Higher Education
  • Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
  • Teaching and Teacher Education
  • The Internet and Higher Education
  • Universal Journal of Educational Research
  • 心理科学 (Psychological Science)

Professional Profile

Dr. Zi YAN is Associate Professor at the Department of Curriculum and Instruction, the Education University of Hong Kong. He is also the Co-Director of the Centre for Excellence in Learning and Teaching (CELT) and Associate Director of the Assessment Research Centre (ARC). He holds an Honorary Associate Professorship at the Centre for Research in Assessment and Digital Learning (CRADLE), Deakin University (Australia). His publications and research interests focus on two related areas, i.e., educational assessment in the school and higher education contexts with an emphasis on student self-assessment; and Rasch measurement, in particular its application in educational and psychological research.

Research Interest

  • Educational assessment
  • Rasch measurement
  • Test/survey development
  • Teacher education
  • Application of the Theory of Planned Behaviour
Teaching Interest

  • Assessment
  • Test/survey development
  • Quantitative research methodology
External Appointment

Honourary Associate Professor, Centre for Research in Assessment and Digital Learning, Deakin University.

Professional appointment/membership

  • Co-director, Centre for Excellence in Learning and Teaching, EdUHK
  • Associate Director, Assessment Research Centre, EdUHK
  • Deputy Chair, Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Society
  • Member, Research and Development Committee, Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority
  • Member, American Educational Research Association (AERA)
  • Member, National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME), United States
  • Founder member, International Forum of Researchers in Education (IFORE)
  • Member, The European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction (EARLI)
  • Member, The International Association for Educational Assessment
  • Affiliated Researcher, Collaborative for Student Assessment and Educational Improvement Research, Arizona State University, USA

Editorial Board

  • Assistant Editor, Studies in Educational Evaluation
  • Associate Section Editor, Assessment, Testing and Applied Measurement Section of Frontiers in Education

Reviewer

  • Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
  • Advances in Educational Research
  • Alberta Journal of Educational Research
  • Asia-Pacific Journal of Education
  • Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education
  • Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
  • CAISE Review
  • Cambridge Journal of Education
  • Child Development
  • Computers & Education
  • Education Journal (in Chinese)
  • Educational Psychology
  • Educational Studies
  • Education Research International
  • Evaluation & Research in Education
  • International Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • International Journal of Inclusive Education
  • International Journal of Science Education
  • International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education
  • International Journal of Tourism Anthropology
  • International Journal of Training Research
  • Journal of Medical Internet Research
  • Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management
  • Journal of Sport and Health Science
  • Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science
  • Occupational Therapy International
  • Quality of Life Research
  • Psychology of Sport & Exercise
  • Studies in Educational Evaluation
  • Studies in Higher Education
  • Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
  • Teaching and Teacher Education
  • The Internet and Higher Education
  • Universal Journal of Educational Research
  • 心理科学 (Psychological Science)

Selected Output

Scholarly Books, Monographs and Chapters
Yan, Z. (2021). Student self-assessment as a process for learning. London: Routledge (Contract signed, under preparation).
Yan, Z., & Yang, L. (Eds.) (2021). Assessment as learning: Maximising opportunities for student learning and achievement. London: Routledge. (in press).
Wang, H., Yang, L., King, R. B., Sin, K.-F., & Yan, Z. (2021). Values, emotions, and emotion regulation in special education teachers: Influences on life satisfaction and occupational stress. R. B. King & J.-J. Chen (Eds.), Emotions in learning, teaching, and leadership: Asian perspectives (146-162). London: Routledge.
Bond, T. G., Yan, Z., & Heene, M. (2020). Applying the Rasch model:Fundamental measurement in the human sciences (4th ed.). New York: Routledge.
Yan, Z., & Sin, K. F. (2017). The Theory of Planned Behavior: Two applications to inclusive education. In H. Afzaal (Ed.), Theory of planned behavior: New research (79-107). NY: Nova Publishers.
Coniam, D., Falvey P., & Yan, Z. (2016). The sixth validation study: Accessing the ease of use in the environment and markers’ acceptance of onscreen marking in Hong Kong in three subject areas: A Rasch measurement perspective. In D. Coniam & P. Falvey (Eds.), Validating technological innovation: The introduction and implementation of onscreen marking in Hong Kong (133-155). Singapore: Springer.
Coniam, D., Falvey, P. & Yan, Z. (2016). The final validation study: A comparative picture of the ease of use and acceptance of onscreen marking by markers across subject areas. In D. Coniam & P. Falvey (Eds.), Validating technological innovation: The introduction and implementation of onscreen marking in Hong Kong (171-187). Singapore: Springer.
Coniam, D., Falvey, P., & Yan, Z. (2016). The eighth validation study: The effects of key demographic variables on markers’ perceived case of use and acceptance of onscreen marking. In D. Coniam & P. Falvey (Eds.), Validating technological innovation: The introduction and implementation of onscreen marking in Hong Kong (189-206). Singapore: Springer.
鄭志強、晏子(2015):元認知教學策略,輯於黎國燦、嚴必友編、小班化教學思與行:香港南京兩地小班化教學的理論與實踐。,南京師範大學出版社,(265-274),南京,南京師範大學出版社。
Bond, T. G., Yan, Z., Stone, G., & Beltyukova, S. (2015). Making measures, setting standards, and Rasch regression. In T. G. Bond & C.M. Fox (Eds.), Applying the Rasch model: Fundamental measurement in the human sciences (3rd ed.) (187-225). New York: Rouledge.
晏子(2015):教師課堂實踐的有效評估:測驗資料分析,輯於黎國燦、嚴必友,小班化教學思與行,(252-264),南京,南京師範大學出版社。
Lam, B. H., Cheng, C. K. Yan, Z., & Yang, M. (2015). It is your interest that matters: Motivation shapes career engagement patterns. In R. Osbourne (Ed.)., Job satisfaction: Determinants, workplace implications and impacts on psychological well-being (73-96). U.S.: Hauppauge, NY: Nova Publishers.
Yan, Z. (2014). School-based assessment in secondary schools. In C. Marsh & J. C-K Lee (Eds.), Asia’s high performing education systems: The case of Hong Kong (274-287). New York: Routledge.
Yan, Z., Lau, D. C. H., & Mok, M. M. C. (2013). A Concurrent-Separate Approach to Vertical Scaling. In M. M. C. Mok (Ed.), Self-directed Learning Oriented Assessments in the Asia-Pacific (187-201). New York: Springer.
Chin, M. K., Mok, M. M. C., & Yan, Z. (2007). The effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) on academic self-confidence and generic competence in exercise physiology for pre-service teachers in physical education. In H. Tiemann, E. Schmidt-Gotz., & S. Schulz (Eds.), International and Interdisciplinary - Perspectives of Modern Sport Sciences (pp.335-362). Schorndorf, Germany: Hofmann Verlag.

Journal Publications
Yan, Z. (2021). Assessment-as-learning in classrooms: The challenges and professional development. Journal of Education for Teaching, online, xx-xx.
Yan, Z. & Brown, G. T. L. (2021). Assessment for learning in the Hong Kong assessment reform: A case of policy borrowing. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 68, xx-xx.
Mendoza, N. B., & Yan, Z. (2021). Validation of a subject-specific student Self-assessment Practices Scale among secondary school students in the Philippines. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, online, xx-xx.
Yan Z., Li, Z., Panadero, E., Yang, M., Yang, L., & Lao, H. (2021). A systematic review on factors influencing teachers’ intentions and implementations regarding formative assessment. Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, online, xx-xx.
Yan, Z., Brubacher, S., Boud, D., & Powell, M. (2020). Psychometric Properties of the Self-assessment Practice Scale (SaPS) for Professional Training Contexts: Evidence from Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Rasch Analysis. International Journal of Training and Development, 24(4), 357-373.
Yan, Z., Chiu, M. M., & Ko, P. Y. (2020). Effects of self-assessment diaries on academic achievement, self-regulation, and motivation. Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 27(5), 562-583.
Yan, Z. (2020). Developing a short form of the Self-Assessment Practices Scale: Psychometric evidence. Frontiers in Education, 4(153), x-x.
Yan, Z. (2020). Self-assessment in the process of self-regulated learning and its relationship with academic achievement. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 45(2), 224-238.
Guo, W. Y., & Yan, Z. (2019). Formative and summative assessment in Hong Kong primary schools: Students’ attitudes matter. Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 26(6), 675-699.
Yan, Z., Brown, G.T.L., Lee, J.C.K., & Qiu, X.-L. (2019). Student self-assessment: why do they do it?. Educational Psychology, 40(4), 509-532.
Wong, P. M. D., Kennedy, K., & Yan, Z. (2019). Validation of a translated measurement scale to assess Chinese business students' orientation. Journal of Education for Business, 94(7), 446-456.
Yan, Z. (2018). How teachers’ beliefs and demographic variables impact on self-regulated learning instruction. Educational Studies, 44(5), 564-577.
Yan, Z. (2018). Student self-assessment practices: The role of gender, year level, and goal orientation. Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 25(2), 183-199.
Yan, Z. (2018). The Self-assessment Practice Scale (SaPS) for students: Development and psychometric studies. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 27(2), 123-135.
Yan, Z., & Brown, G. T. L. (2017). A cyclical self-assessment process: Towards a model of how students engage in self-assessment. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 42(8), 1247-1262.
Davies, M., Elliott, S. N., Sin, K. F., Yan, Z., & Yel, N. (2017). Using adjustments to support the learning and assessment needs of students with disabilities: Macau and Mainland China Teachers’ Report. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, xx, 1-21.
Yang, M., Yan, Z., and Coniam, D. (2017). A qualitative study of markers’ perceptions on onscreen marking in five subject areas (https://doi.org/10.1080/13803611.2018.1446836). Educational Research and Evaluation, 23(7-8), 290-310.
Siu, A. F. Y., Yan, Z., & Ho, F. C (2016). Attributional style, positive illusory bias, and self-concept of children with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Asian Journal of Inclusive Education, 4(1), 5-25.
Yan, Z. (2016). The Self-Assessment Practices of Hong Kong Secondary Students: Findings with a New Instrument. Journal of Applied Measurement, 17(3), 335-353.
Coniam, D., & Yan, Z. (2016). A comparative picture of the ease of use and acceptance of onscreen marking by markers across subject areas. British Journal of Educational Technology, 47(6), 1151-1167.
Sin, K. F., & Yan, Z. (2016). Delivering an in-service teacher training course for inclusion in Hong Kong: Evaluation and reflection. Education Research Frontier (教育研究前沿), 6(4), 108-117.
Cooper, P & Yan, Z (2015). Some possible effects of behavior management training on teacher confidence and competence: evidence from a study of primary school teachers in Hong Kong. Educational Studies, 41(1-2), 156-170.
Yan, Z., & Sin, K. F. (2015). Exploring the intentions and practices of principals regarding inclusive education: An application of the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Cambridge Journal of Education, 45(2), 205-221.
Yan, Z., Lum, R. C. W., Lui, R. T. L., Chu, S. S. W., & Lui, A. M. (2015). Measuring teaching assistants’ efficacy using Rasch model. Journal of Applied Measurement, 16(1), 60-75.
Yan, Z., & Cheng, E. C. K. (2015). Primary teachers' attitudes, intentions and practices regarding formative assessment. Teaching and Teacher Education, 45, 128-136.
Yan Z., & Coniam, D. (2014). The effects of key demographic variables on markers’ perceived ease of use and acceptance of onscreen marking. Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 21(4), 464-480.
Ho, F. C., & Yan, Z. (2014). Identification of the patterns of Chinese character recognition in students with learning disabilities requiring Tier-2 support: a Rasch analysis. Educational Psychology, 34(3), 305-322.
Yan, Z. (2014). Predicting teachers’ intentions to implement school-based assessment using the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Educational Research and Evaluation, 20(2), 83-97.
Yan, Z., & Sin, K. F. (2014). Inclusive education: Teachers’ intentions and behaviour analyzed from the viewpoint of the Theory of Planned Behaviour. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 18(1), 72-85.
Sin, K. F., Lui, M., Yan, Z., Ho, F. C., Au, M. L., & Forlin, C. (2013). The implications of the “Study on Equal Learning Opportunities for Students with Disabilities under the Integrated Education System”. Hong Kong Special Education Forum, 15, 106-110.
Yan, Z., & Coniam, D. (2013). Assessing the ease of use in the environment and markers’ acceptance of onscreen marking: A Rasch measurement perspective. Educational Research and Evaluation, 19(5), 461-483.
Yan, Z., & Mok, M. M. C. (2012). Validating the Coping Scale for Chinese Athletes using multidimensional Rasch analysis. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13(3), 271-279.
Yan, Z., & Bond, T. G. (2011). Developing a Rasch measurement physical fitness scale for Hong Kong primary school-aged students. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 15(3), 182-203.
Yan, Z. (2010). Objective measurement in psychological science: An overview of Rasch model. Advances in Psychological Science (心理科學進展), 18(8), 1298-1305.
Zhang, C., & Yan, Z. (2009). An action research‐based psychological intervention on swimming: On the issue of “frontrun and follow”. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 7(4), 574-576.

Conference Papers
Yang, L., Lee, J.C.K., Yan, Z., Chiu, M. M., Mok, M. C. & Yang, M. (2019, October). Empowering future assessment for learning by changing monologue to dialogue by assessing students’ feedback beliefs toward teacher feedback. Invited paper presented at The 21st Symposium on Curriculum Theories in Mainland China, Taiwan and Hong Kong, 18-21 October, 2019, ShenZhen University, Shenzhen, China.
Yan, Z. (2017, September). A cyclical self-assessment process: An analysis of how university students engage in self-assessment. Paper presented at the 17th Biennial EARLI (European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction) 2017 conference, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
Yan, Z. (2017, August). Predictors of self-assessment intention and practice among primary and secondary students in Hong Kong. Paper presented at the Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium (PROMS 2017), Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
Yan, Z. (2017, April). The development and validation of the Self-assessment Practices Scale (SaPS). Paper presented at the 3rd International Conference on Learning and Teaching (ICLT 2017), Jeju Island, South Korea.
Yan, Z. (2016, October). Applying the Rasch Model in Language Teaching and Research. Keynote address for the Conference on English Testing and Assessment, GuangZhou, China.
Bond, T. G., & Yan, Z. (2016, August). Exporting to China: The future of a genuine collaboration with the west. Keynote address for the Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium (PROMS 2016), Xi’an, China.
Davies, M., Elliott, S.N., Sin, K., & Yan, Z. (2016, August). Development and Application of the Checklist for Learning and Assessment Adjustments for Students (CLAAS) with Special Needs to Inform Learning and Assessment Differentiation. World Congress on Special Needs Education, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
Yan, Z. (2016, August). Teachers’ belief and instruction practice regarding self-regulated learning. Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium (PROMS 2016), Xi’an, China.
Yan, Z., Guo, W. Y., & Xiao, Y. (2016, June). Like It or Not? Hong Kong Primary School Students’ Attitudes Towards Formative Assessment. Fourth International Conference on Asian Studies, Toronto, Canada.
Sin, K. F., & Yan, Z. (2016, April). Delivering an In-service Teacher Training Course for Inclusion in Hong Kong: Evaluation and Reflection. International Conference of Educational Research and Practice, Bei Jing, China.
Yang, M., Cheng, C. K., Lam, B.H., and Yan, Z. (2015, August). Linking research with teaching: Teacher educators’ perspectives. EARLI 2015, Cyprus.
Jin, K.-Y., Mok, M. M. C., Wang, W.-C., & Yan, Z. (2014, November). Modeling the carry-over effects in testlets. Paper presented at the Asia Pacific Educational Research Association International Conference 2014, Hong Kong.
Yan, Z. (2014, June). Formative Assessment: What Contribute to Primary Teachers' Intentions and Practices. Fifth Asian Conference on the Social Sciences, Osaka, Japan.
Yan, Z., & Sin, K. F. (2013, August). Understanding inclusive education from principals' views: An application of the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Taiwan Education Research Association & Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium 2013 (TERA&PROMS2013), National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan.
Yan, Z. (2012, August). Developing a Rasch Measurement Physical Fitness Scale. Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium (PROMS 2012), Jiaxing University, China.
Yan, Z., Lum, R. C. W., Lui, R. T. L., Chu, S. S. W., & Lui, A. M. (2012, June). The development of an instrument for measuring teaching assistants’ efficacy. Paper presented at Canada International Conference on Education (CICE-2012), Guelph, Canada.
Au, M. L., Sin, K. F., Yan, Z., F.C. Ho & Leung, K. W. (2011, December). The knowledge transfer in enhancing the pedagogical practices in special schools. Poster presented in the “Knowledge Exchange Conference: Knowledge Transforming Society”, jointly organized by HKIEd with the other seven UGC-funded institutions, Hong Kong.
Ho, F. C., & Yan, Z. (2011, August). Reading patterns of students with learning disabilities in Chinese: A Rasch analysis. Paper presented at the 17th European Conference on Reading Literacy and Diversity, University of Mons, Belgium.
Au, M. L., Sin, K. F., Yan, Z. & Leung, K. W. (2011, April). The effect of lesson study on mathematics instructions for children with severe intellectual disabilities. Poster presented in the SAALED Congress: From Inclusion to Belonging, organized by The Southern African Association for Learning and Educational Differences, South Africa.
Au, M. L., Sin, K. F., Yan, Z. & Leung, K. W. (2011, April). The knowledge transfer in enhancing the pedagogical practices in special schools for students with intellectual disabilities. Poster presented in the SAALED Congress: From Inclusion to Belonging, organized by The Southern African Association for Learning and Educational Differences, South Africa.
Mok, M. M. C., Yan, Z., & Lau, D. C. H. (2010, July). Considerations in Developing Vertical Scales Using IRT. 7th Conference of the International Test Commission, Hong Kong.
Lau, D. C. H., Mok, M. M. C. & Yan, Z. (2009, November). An Assessment Scale for Measuring Primary and Secondary Mathematics Achievement. Paper presented at the International Conference on Primary Education 2009, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong.
Mok, M. M. C. & Yan, Z. (2009, November). Multilevel Analysis of Self-directed Learning of Primary Students. Paper presented at the International Conference on Primary Education 2009, 25-27 November 2009, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong.
YU, George C., MOK, Madgalena Mo Ching and YAN, Zi (2009, November). Accelerated Approach to English Literacy Skill Development Among Primary School Students in China. The International Conference on Primary Education, November 25-27, 2009, Hong Kong.
Chin, M. K., Mok, M. M. C., Chow, G. C. C., Yan, Z., Edginton, C. R., Wong, W. S., & Tang, M. S. (2008, August). Validating the Camp Adventure Scale (CAS) for Hong Kong school students: Connection of leisure activities and generic skills in education. Paper presented at the 2008 International Convention on Science, Education and Medicine in Sport, Guangzhou, China.
Yan, Z. (2008, August). Rasch calibration of physical fitness tests for Hong Kong primary students. Paper presented at the Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium, Tokyo, Japan.
Chin, M. K., Mok, M. M. C., & Yan, Z. (2007, December). The effectiveness of Problem-Based Learning (PBL) on academic aspiration and competencies in self-regulated learning of pre-service teachers in Physical Education. Paper presented at the Asia-Pacific Conference on Exercise and Sports Science 2007, Higashi-Hiroshima City, Japan.
Yan, Z. (2007, July). Rasch Calibration of muscular strength/endurance tests for primary students in Hong Kong. Paper presented at the Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium (PROMS TW 2007), Tao Yuan, Taiwan.
Chen, S. H., Chin, M. K., Yan, Z., & Mok, M. M. C. (2006, July). Instruction time for physical education in Hong Kong: Compared with international counterparts. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the International Association for Physical Education in Higher Education World Congress, Jyvaskyla, Finalnd.
Chin, M. K., Mok, M. M. C., Chen, S., & Yan, Z. (2006, July). The effectiveness of problem-based learning on the affective outcomes of physical education teachers. Paper presented at the Internationl Associatin for Physical Education in Higher Education World Congress, Jyvaskyla, Finland.
Chin, M. K., Mok, M. M. C., Chen, S., Tang, M. S., & Yan, Z. (2006, July). Profile of physical fitness of Hong Kong primary students. Paper presented at the International Association for Physical Education in Higher Education World Congress, Jyvaskyla, Finland.
Mok, M. M. C., Yan, Z., Li, T. S., Chan, K. Y. K., & Lai, J. K. W. (2006, June). Gender and year level differences of primary students' self-directed learning: A rasch analysis. Paper presented at the Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium, Hong Kong.
Yan, Z. (2006, June). A rasch validation of the coping scale for Chinese Athletes. Paper presented at the Pacific Rim Objectives Measurement Symposium, Hong Kong.
Mok, M. M. C., Cheng, Y. C., Moore, P. J., Yan, Z., & Cheng, M. Y. (2005, December). The problem solving competence of Hong Kong secondary students. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of Australian Association for Research in Education, Australia.
Chin, M. K., Mok, M. M. C., & Yan, Z. (2005, November). The effectiveness of problem based learning on enhancing academic self-confidence, leadership, academic affect, and information processing competence of pre-service teachers in physical education. Paper presented at the International Association of Physical Education in Higher Education 2005 World Congress, Portgual.

Creative and Literary Works, Consulting Reports and Case Studies
鄭志強、余婉兒、鄧城鋒、謝雪梅、晏子(2015):語文教育及研究常務委員會探討香港中、小學如何推行『以普通話教授中國語文科』研究計劃終期報告,香港。
曾覺慧、戴燕儀、晏子、高鳳展(2013):個案研究:乘法規律,輯於區美蘭、冼權鋒編著,「適異教學」在特殊學校的實踐與啓示-數學科「乘法規律」教學,香港,香港教學院特殊學習需要與融合教育中心。
Sin, K.F., Forlin, C., Au, M.L, Ho, F.C., Lui, M., & Yan, Z. (2012). Study on equal learning opportunities for students with disabilities under the integrated education system. Hong Kong: Equal Opportunities Commission and Centre for Special Educational Needs and Inclusive Education, HKIEd.
冼權鋒、呂明、晏子、何福全等(2012):《澳門特殊教育專項評鑑》報告,澳門,澳門教育暨青年局、香港教育學院特殊學習需要與融合教育中心。
區美蘭、譚卿兒、林鎮威、晏子和梁嘉慧(2011):「課堂學習研究」在特殊學校的實踐與啟示—「平面圖形」教學,香港,香港教育學院特殊學習需要與融合中心。

Project

Harnessing the Power of Teacher Feedback to Enhance Learning Outcomes: The Roles of Students’ Feedback Orientations and Learning Engagement
This GRF project across Hong Kong, Macau and the mainland of China will help determine the mechanisms underlying student use of teacher feedback. Informed by these results, teachers can design and provide effective feedback that students (a) perceive as useful and (b) use to facilitate their active engagement and improve learning outcomes.
Project Start Year: 2021, Principal Investigator(s): YANG, Lan 楊蘭 (YAN, Zi 晏子 as Co-Investigator)
 
Harnessing the Power of Assessment to Support Pre-service Teachers' Learning and Professional Development Through an Innovative Blended Learning Approach (A+BLe)
Educators in higher education encounter lots of difficulties in maintaining high academic standards and high quality attributes in today's classes with a large number of students with diverse needs. It remains a challenging task for teachers to, on one side, well organize the teaching/learning content so that all students are more likely to actively participate in the learning process, and on the other side, to well assess students’ use of their higher-order/self-directed learning processes (e.g . . .
Project Start Year: 2020, Principal Investigator(s): YANG, Lan 楊蘭 (YAN, Zi 晏子 as Co-Investigator)
 
Unpacking Student Self-assessment Processes: A Longitudinal Naturalistic Experiment
The goal of this project is to test experimentally the impact of two different classroom SSA methods as well as to examine the mechanisms by which SSA processes influence student learning. By conducting this research in a naturalistic environment, both the feasibility and utility of these methods can be robustly identified. The findings of this research will provide a better understanding of the SSA process as a learning strategy, its potential for widespread adoption both at the policy and prac . . .
Project Start Year: 2020, Principal Investigator(s): YAN, Zi 晏子
 
A Structural Understanding of Formative Assessment: Predictor, Intention, and Practice
The proposed study will explore teachers’ intentions and practices regarding formative assessment as well as the factors that influence their intentions and practices. Personal factors—such as attitudes, subjective norms, and self-efficacy, as specified in the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) (Ajzen, 1991)—and contextual factors will be used as predictors. This represents an important attempt to conceptualize teachers’ formative assessment practices holistically taking into consideration multip . . .
Project Start Year: 2019, Principal Investigator(s): YAN, Zi 晏子
 
Automatic Assessment Score Analysis
The project creates Automatic Assessment Score Analysis (AASA) software to analyze properly scores of test questions, essays, etc. AASA requires zero statistics/computer knowledge and uses teachers’ existing data on their students’ scores. AASA applies cutting-edge statistics to assess students accurately and produce an easy-to-understand report that (a) sorts students (lowest to highest learning outcomes), (b) sorts questions from easiest to hardest (poorly- to well-understood ideas), and (c) s . . .
Project Start Year: 2019, Principal Investigator(s): CHIU, Ming Ming (YAN, Zi 晏子 as Co-Investigator)
 
Developing Evaluative Judgment among Students: An Interactive Assessment and Feedback Process
This project aims to develop an Interactive Assessment and Feedback Process (IAFP) and investigate its effectiveness in enhancing students’ academic achievement and developing their evaluative judgment in the context of higher education.
Project Start Year: 2019, Principal Investigator(s): YAN, Zi 晏子
 
Enhancing School Curriculum Management Capacity through Institutionalizing the SECI Knowledge Creation Model
This project aims to: 1. develop best practices to strengthen the competencies of school leaders and teachers in curriculum management; 2. institutionalize a mechanism for curriculum management that uses the SECI knowledge creation model as a guiding framework; 3. nurture curriculum leaders and a culture of knowledge sharing in schools to operate the curriculum management mechanism; and 4. develop a sustainable knowledge network that helps schools acquire and share knowledge.
Project Start Year: 2019, Principal Investigator(s): CHENG, Chi Keung Eric 鄭志強 (YAN, Zi 晏子 as Co-Investigator)
 
Study on Challenges, Effective Policies, and Best Practices of Ordinary Schools in Educating Students with Special Educational Needs in Hong Kong
Hong Kong implemented integrated education for almost two decades, which aimed to support the learning and teaching of SEN students in mainstream schools. However, the rights to inclusive education and equal education opportunities of SEN students have not been effectively addressed, related researches on reviewing the effectiveness of integrated education policy is also insufficient. Hence, CELT has been commissioned by Equal Opportunity Commission to conduct a policy research in order to ident . . .
Project Start Year: 2019, Principal Investigator(s): KO, Po Yuk 高寶玉 (YAN, Zi 晏子 as Co-Investigator)
 
A New Process to Fairly Score Individual Contributions to a Team Project
We develop a new, fair, relatively easy to implement, low-cost and generalizable process to score individual contributions to a team project – an innovative solution to the common problem of free riding faced by teachers in higher education.
Project Start Year: 2018, Principal Investigator(s): WOO, Chi Keung 胡志強 (YAN, Zi 晏子 as Co-Investigator)
 
Cultivating Students’ Critical Thinking and Creativity through Web-based and Classroom-based Inquiry
Critical thinking and creativity are long-standing objectives in EdUHK strategic plans and within her generic intended learning outcomes (GILOs). Given considerable uncertainty existing in the process of conducting inquiry, students are required to make their own decisions in every stage of doing it, which intrinsically involves the application and development of both creative and critical thinking that are described as the “heartbeat” of inquiry. Inquiry learning was originally adopted in the s . . .
Project Start Year: 2018, Principal Investigator(s): WAN, Zhihong 萬志宏, LEE, Chi Kin John 李子建 (YAN, Zi 晏子 as Co-Investigator)
 
All that Effort of Feedback Research, But what is the Effect in Chinese Secondary Students? Identify Impact through INFACT (Innovative Formative Assessment Collaborative Team)
The major purpose of this cluster is to develop a new Area of Strength on feedback research by integrating research and practical strengths of the team members.
Project Start Year: 2017, Principal Investigator(s): YANG, Lan 楊蘭 (YAN, Zi 晏子 as Co-Investigator)
 
Unpacking Student Self-assessment: What Are the Self-assessment Processes and How Do They Work?
The proposed cluster aims to develop a new Area of Strength by integrated cutting-edge research and high-impact knowledge transfer. Under this ultimate goal, there are three inter-related major purposes. First, the cluster aims to draw inter-disciplinary expertise to investigate a well “known unknown” area – student self-assessment, in particular, the inner process of self-assessment and the mechanism through which self-assessment influences student learning, both cognitive and emotional aspects . . .
Project Start Year: 2017, Principal Investigator(s): YAN, Zi 晏子
 
Student Self-assessment: Calibration, Predictors, and Effects
This study aims to explore the calibration, predictors, and effects of self-assessment in Hong Kong students’ learning. The research objectives include: (1) investigate the characteristics of self-assessment calibration at the three different phases of self-regulated learning; (2) explore the predictors of students’ self-assessment intentions and practices; and (3) examine the effects of self-assessment on students’ academic performance.
Project Start Year: 2016, Principal Investigator(s): YAN, Zi 晏子
 
Supporting and Evaluating the E-Learning Resource Development in Hong Kong Special Schools
In 2016, for celebrating the HSBC 150th Anniversary, eleven large projects, on a very competitive basis, was awarded and supported by The HSBC 150th Anniversary Charity Program. In 2016-2019, members from Centre for Special Educational Needs and Inclusive Education participated in an innovative e-Learning project “Special School School-based Learning Materials Digitization Scheme”, with amount of HKD 31.5 million funded by HSBC 150th Anniversary Charity Programme. The project was led by Sam Shui . . .
Project Start Year: 2016, Principal Investigator(s): SIN, Kuen Fung 冼權鋒 (YAN, Zi 晏子 as Team Member)
 
Development of High Quality E/Blended Learning Materials for Honours Project I for Five-Year BEd Programme (Phase I)
This project aims at developing high quality e/blended learning materials for the Honours Project I course of the five-year BEd programme.
Project Start Year: 2014, Principal Investigator(s): (YAN, Zi 晏子 as Co-Investigator)
 
Self-assessment: The conceptualization, practice, and effects on learning
Conceptualizing self-assessment from a pedagogical perspective, the proposed study aims to 1) contribute to the theory construction of self-assessment by exploring the conceptual dimensionality of self-assessment; 2) identify self-assessment practices (activities to seek external or internal feedback) used by Hong Kong students; 3) investigate the relationship between self-assessment (and its sub-dimensions) and students’ learning motivation (mastery and performance goal orientations); 4) invest . . .
Project Start Year: 2014, Principal Investigator(s): YAN, Zi 晏子
 
Self-regulated learning: Teachers’ belief and instruction
This study aims to explore teachers’ beliefs about introducing self-regulated learning in teaching and their instructional strategies in teaching metacognitive skills. The results of this study will contribute to the literature on teachers’ belief and instruction with regard to self-regulated learning as well as lay ground for further empirical investigations to identify the conditions which promote self-regulated learning and maximize its positive effects in teaching.
Project Start Year: 2014, Principal Investigator(s): YAN, Zi 晏子
 
A Structural Understanding of Formative Assessment in Physical Education Reform: Conception, Intention, and Practice
The proposed study aims to understand teachers’ conceptions, intentions, and practices regarding formative assessment under the framework of the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). Apart from that, the proposed study also seeks to understand students’ conceptions of formative assessment. The four specific objectives with its roots in PE lessons in primary and secondary schools include 1) to test out and develop empirically a model (TPB) of predictors of teachers’ formative assessment intentions a . . .
Project Start Year: 2013, Principal Investigator(s): YAN, Zi 晏子
 
Investigating and Comparing English Departments in Institutional Reviews: Developing a Measure for Meaningful Comparisons
This research project deals with the complex issue of attempts to investigate ways of comparing institutions by means of the institutional review process; subsequently proposing the development of a measurement instrument that would allow for such comparisons. The project will discuss institutional reviews generally, first focusing on Liaoning province in Northeast China and the development of the measurement instrument and subsequently discussing ways in which the instrument can possibly be use . . .
Project Start Year: 2013, Principal Investigator(s): CONIAM DAVID JOHN 龔大胃 (YAN, Zi 晏子 as Team Member)
 
Teachers' Conceptions and Intentions Regarding School-based Assessment for the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education
This study aims to investigate Hong Kong secondary school teachers’ conceptions and intention regarding School-based assessment under the framework of the Theory of Planned Behavior. This study will examine the application of TPB in Hong Kong education contexts and the findings of this study will shed light on teacher professional development and policy making regarding SBA.
Project Start Year: 2013, Principal Investigator(s): YAN, Zi 晏子
 
Applying Knowledge Management Practices in School Education for Sustainable Development
The project aims to help schools to institutionalize the KM system in the school organization for sustainable development, to understand the concept of KM, and to acquire the skills and tools for KM practices.
Project Start Year: 2012, Principal Investigator(s): CHENG, Chi Keung Eric 鄭志強 (YAN, Zi 晏子 as Team Member)
 
The Development of An Instrument for Measuring Teaching Assistants' Efficacy
increased number of teaching assistants (TA) have been deployed in primary and secondary schools to support teachers and students. It is no doubt that TAs are becoming an important part of education system and they have substantial impact on students’ learning outcomes and teacher’s teaching practice. The main purpose of this study is to develop and validate a scale for measuring Teaching Assistants' (TA) efficacy on the identified capacities necessary for their work.
Project Start Year: 2012, Principal Investigator(s): YAN, Zi 晏子
 
The effects of professional training on teachers' confidence and self perceived competence in managing challenging behaviour
Teachers’ confidence and self perceived competence, or commonly referred to self-efficacy, is a teacher’s judgment of his or her capabilities to produce desired educational outcomes. This judgment has been proved to be associated with students’ learning as well as teachers’ approaches to instruction. Managing students’ behaviour has been always a challenging task for teachers and this phenomenon is more evident in the shift towards inclusive education in which more and more students with emotion . . .
Project Start Year: 2012, Principal Investigator(s): COOPER PAUL WILLIAM (YAN, Zi 晏子 as Co-Investigator)
 
Study on equal learning opportunities for students with special educational needs under the integrated education system
The project was commissioned and funded by Equal Opportunities Commission. The objectives of the research are as follows: (1)To conduct a literature review on the existing studies on the subject of integrated inclusive special education of students with disabilities in Hong Kong and overseas; (2) To elicit the stakeholders’ understanding of IE policy and attitudes towards with SEN in mainstream schools in relation to controlled segregation and desegregation approaches; (3)To discern the stakehol . . .
Project Start Year: 2010, Principal Investigator(s): SIN, Kuen Fung 冼權鋒 (YAN, Zi 晏子 as Co-Investigator)
 
澳門特殊教育專項評鑑
「特殊教育專項評鑑」是緣於澳門特別行政區非高等教育制度綱要法,期望透過對學校進行系統的專項評鑑,藉此向學校提供改善和發展的參考意見,並規劃必需的輔助措施,以保證學校的教育質量。 依據特殊教育專項評鑑需求書第二段的內容,研究小組以配合澳門特區政府的教育施政、規劃未來相關措施及提升相關教學質素等作探討基礎,為此專項評鑑擬定下列目的: 1. 有系統地收集澳門特殊教育的有關訊息 2. 客觀地分析及評鑑有關數據 3. 以專業態度評估特殊教育的現狀及發展的情況 4. 就不足或待改善的地方,對未來規劃作出適當建議
Project Start Year: 2010, Principal Investigator(s): SIN, Kuen Fung 冼權鋒 (YAN, Zi 晏子 as Co-Investigator)
 
Prizes and awards

Dean’s Research Award 2019/20: Research Engagement and Impact

Date of receipt: /8/2020, Conferred by: EdUHK
 
Faculty Impact Development Award 2019/20 (Team Award)

Date of receipt: /8/2020, Conferred by: EdUHK
 
Faculty Teaching Award 2019/20

Date of receipt: /8/2020, Conferred by: EdUHK
 
Faculty “Top 10%” Teaching Award 2018/19

Date of receipt: /5/2019, Conferred by: FEHD, EdUHK
 
President’s Awards for Outstanding Performance in Knowledge Transfer 2018/2019 (Team)
For E-learning enhancement, the team was invited as a collaborative partner with three pioneer special schools for developing an e-learning platform, so as to foster innovative e-strategies and e-practices for teaching students with intellectual disabilities. Prof. Sin led the team for the knowledge transfer activities such as school-based consultancy, research activities, knowledge dissemination and staff training. Over 570 e-books across subjects and at different levels were available to students with different needs and abilities, giving both teachers and parent access, and promoting digital inclusion across all Hong Kong special schools and beyond. This project has demonstrated an important innovation of e-learning development with far-reaching knowledge transfer impact on quality education for SEN students. The E-learning for Inclusive Education Association was then set up for sustainable development and wider dissemination.
Date of receipt: 25/3/2019, Conferred by: The Education University of Hong Kong
 
Impact Development Award 2018-2019

Date of receipt: 20/3/2019, Conferred by: Faculty of Education and Human Development, EdUHK
 
President's Award for Outstanding Performance in Knowledge Transfer 2016/17 (Team Award)

Date of receipt: /5/2017, Conferred by: EdUHK
 
The Faculty Top 10% Publication Award

Date of receipt: /8/2016, Conferred by: FEHD, EdUHK
 
Certificate of Merit for the Knowledge Transfer Award
This project aimed at enhancing the pedagogical practice of special education teachers, through the joint effort of EDB, CSNSIE and teachers/principals in special schools. This tripartite model of professional collaboration was widely supported by the school heads of special schools.
Date of receipt: /7/2010, Conferred by: HKIEd